Sprained Ankle Treatment in India

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Dr. Subhash Jangid
Dr. Subhash Jangid

Director & Unit Head - Orthopedics


Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon

22+ years

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Treatment Price on request

Dr. Subhash Jangid
Dr. Subhash Jangid

Director & Unit Head - Orthopedics


Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon

22+ years


The human body is a marvelous creation, but even the most seemingly minor mishaps can disrupt our daily routines and activities. One such common injury that can happen to anyone at any time is a sprained ankle. Whether it occurs during a friendly game of soccer, a hiking adventure, or a simple misstep on uneven ground, a sprained ankle can be both painful and frustrating. However, with proper care, patience, and determination, you can recover and get back on your feet in no time. In this blog, we will explore what a sprained ankle is, its different types, immediate first-aid measures, and the steps to ensure a smooth recovery.

Understanding a Sprained Ankle

A sprained ankle is an injury that occurs when the ligaments, the strong bands of tissue that connect bones to each other, are stretched or torn. It is most commonly experienced when the ankle is forced into an unnatural position during sudden movements, such as twisting, rolling, or turning the foot. The severity of a sprained ankle can range from mild to severe, depending on the extent of ligament damage.

Types of Sprained Ankles

  • Grade 1 (Mild): In this type of sprain, the ligaments are slightly stretched, causing minimal tearing. The ankle remains stable, and there might be slight swelling and discomfort.
  • Grade 2 (Moderate): In a moderate sprain, the ligaments are partially torn, resulting in increased swelling, bruising, and difficulty in walking. The ankle may feel unstable.
  • Grade 3 (Severe): This is the most serious type of sprained ankle, where the ligaments are completely torn or ruptured. The ankle is visibly swollen, bruised, and there may be considerable pain and instability. Walking is usually impossible without assistance.

Immediate First-Aid Measures

When a sprained ankle occurs, it's essential to take immediate action to minimize the damage and promote healing. Remember the acronym RICE:

  • Rest: Avoid putting weight on the injured ankle. Use crutches or other aids if necessary.
  • Ice: Apply ice to the affected area for 15-20 minutes every 1-2 hours during the first 48 hours. This helps reduce swelling and numbs the pain.
  • Compression: Wrap the injured ankle with an elastic bandage to control swelling and provide support.
  • Elevation: Keep your ankle elevated above the level of your heart as much as possible to reduce swelling.

Recovery and Rehabilitation

Recovering from a sprained ankle is a gradual process that requires patience and commitment. Here are some essential steps to facilitate a smooth recovery:

  • Consult a Healthcare Professional: If you suspect a sprained ankle, it's crucial to seek medical attention. A healthcare professional can assess the severity of the injury and provide appropriate treatment advice.
  • Follow the Treatment Plan: Based on the severity of the sprain, your doctor may recommend rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE), along with pain relievers or anti-inflammatory medications.
  • Use Supportive Devices: Depending on the severity of the sprain, your doctor may suggest using a brace or splint to immobilize the ankle temporarily. This helps in reducing further strain on the ligaments during the healing process.
  • Physical Therapy: As the initial pain and swelling subside, physical therapy exercises play a vital role in strengthening the muscles around the ankle joint and restoring its flexibility and stability.
  • Gradual Weight-Bearing: As the ankle heals, you can gradually start putting weight on it. Initially, using crutches or a cane might be necessary to support your weight.
  • Patience and Rest: Healing takes time. Avoid activities that put excessive strain on the ankle during the recovery period. Pushing yourself too soon can lead to reinjury and prolong the healing process.

Beyond Recovery: Prevention is Key

While recovering from a sprained ankle is vital, preventing future injuries is equally crucial. Here are some preventive measures to keep your ankles safe and healthy:

  • Proper Footwear: Wear appropriate shoes that provide adequate support and cushioning, especially during physical activities.
  • Strengthening Exercises: Regularly engage in exercises that target ankle strength and stability to minimize the risk of sprains.
  • Warm-up and Stretch: Before engaging in any physical activity or sports, warm-up exercises and stretches can prepare your muscles and ligaments for the stress they will endure.
  • Mind Your Surroundings: Be mindful of the surfaces you walk or run on, as uneven terrain can increase the risk of ankle injuries.


A sprained ankle can be an inconvenient and painful setback, but with the right care and dedication, you can navigate through the recovery process successfully. Remember to seek medical attention, follow the RICE method, and be patient with yourself during the healing period. Additionally, incorporating preventive measures into your daily routine can go a long way in safeguarding your ankles from future injuries. By taking care of your ankles, you can keep doing the activities you love and lead a more active, fulfilling life.

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Differentiating between a sprained ankle and a fracture can be challenging as the symptoms can sometimes overlap. However, some signs that may indicate a sprain rather than a fracture include milder pain, the ability to bear some weight on the injured ankle, and less severe swelling. If you are uncertain about the nature of your injury, it's crucial to seek medical attention for a proper diagnosis.
Mild sprained ankles can often be managed at home with the RICE method (rest, ice, compression, elevation) and over-the-counter pain relievers. However, if you experience severe pain, significant swelling, are unable to bear weight on the affected ankle, or suspect a more severe injury, it's best to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate assessment and appropriate treatment.
The healing time for a sprained ankle can vary depending on the severity of the sprain. Mild sprains may take a few days to a couple of weeks to heal, while more severe sprains can take several weeks or even a few months. Adhering to the prescribed treatment plan, resting the ankle, and following physical therapy recommendations can expedite the healing process.
Gradually returning to physical activities and sports is possible after a sprained ankle, but it's essential to take it slow and follow your doctor's or physical therapist's advice. Engaging in strenuous activities too soon can increase the risk of reinjury. Start with low-impact exercises and progressively increase the intensity as your ankle gets stronger and more stable.
Yes, neglecting a sprained ankle or returning to activities too soon without proper healing can lead to chronic ankle instability, increased vulnerability to future sprains, and other complications. It is crucial to allow the ankle sufficient time to heal and to follow through with rehabilitation exercises to prevent long-term consequences.
Wearing a brace or support after a sprained ankle has healed can provide additional stability during physical activities and sports. Consult with your doctor or physical therapist to determine if using a brace is beneficial for your specific situation and activities.

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