Anal Fistula Treatment in India

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Dr Sanjay Verma
Dr Sanjay Verma

Additional Director - General Surgery | Metabolic Surgery


Fortis Escorts Heart Institute

27 years

Treatment Price on request

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Treatment Price on request

Dr Sanjay Verma
Dr Sanjay Verma

Additional Director - General Surgery | Metabolic Surgery


Fortis Escorts Heart Institute

27 years


An anal fistula is an abnormal connection or tunnel-like passage that forms between the anal canal or rectum and the skin surrounding the anus. It usually occurs as a complication of an anal abscess, which is a painful collection of pus in the anal region. Anal fistulas can cause discomfort, pain, and recurrent infections, affecting the quality of life for those affected. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are crucial to managing anal fistulas effectively.

In this comprehensive article, we will explore the various aspects of anal fistulas, including their symptoms, underlying causes, diagnostic methods, treatment options, the cost of treatment in Delhi, and the significance of early intervention in promoting better patient outcomes.

Symptoms of Anal Fistula

The symptoms of an anal fistula can vary depending on the location and complexity of the fistula. Some common signs and symptoms include:

1.Persistent Pain: Pain and discomfort around the anus are common symptoms of an anal fistula, especially during bowel movements or while sitting.

2.Pus Discharge: The presence of pus or foul-smelling discharge from the opening around the anus is a characteristic sign of an anal fistula.

3.Redness and Swelling: The skin around the anus may become red, swollen, and tender due to inflammation caused by the fistula.

4.Itching and Irritation: Itching and irritation around the anus can be bothersome and may result from the constant discharge.

5.Recurrent Abscesses: Patients with anal fistulas may experience recurrent abscesses, which are painful collections of pus.

Causes of Anal Fistula

The development of an anal fistula is typically a result of an anal abscess. The common causes of anal abscesses that can lead to fistula formation include:

1.Blocked Anal Glands: Anal glands, which are tiny glands near the anus, can become blocked, leading to the accumulation of bacteria and pus.

2.Infection: Bacterial infections in the anal glands can cause the formation of an abscess, which may eventually progress to a fistula.

3.Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): Conditions like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis can increase the risk of anal abscesses and fistulas.

4.Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs): Certain STIs can lead to the development of anal abscesses and subsequent fistulas.

Diagnosis of Anal Fistula

Diagnosing an anal fistula involves a combination of physical examination, medical history review, and imaging tests. Common diagnostic methods include:

1.Physical Examination: A doctor will conduct a thorough examination of the anus and surrounding area to check for signs of inflammation, discharge, and tenderness.

2.Proctoscopy or Anoscopy: These procedures involve inserting a narrow, flexible tube with a camera into the anus to visualise the internal structures and identify the fistula's opening.

3.Fistulogram: A fistulogram is an X-ray procedure in which a contrast dye is injected into the fistula's opening to highlight its path and help determine its complexity.

4.MRI or Endorectal Ultrasound: These imaging techniques can provide detailed images of the fistula and surrounding structures, aiding in treatment planning.

Treatment Options for Anal Fistula

The treatment approach for an anal fistula depends on its complexity, location, and the patient's overall health condition. Common treatment options include:

1.Fistulotomy: In this procedure, the fistula tract is surgically opened and cleaned to allow it to heal from the inside out.

2.Seton Placement: A seton is a piece of surgical thread or rubber that is placed through the fistula tract to help drain pus and promote healing.

3.Fistula Plug: A fistula plug made of biocompatible material may be used to close the fistula opening and encourage tissue growth.

4.Fibrin Glue: Fibrin glue is used to seal the fistula tract and promote healing.

5.Advancement Flap Surgery: In this procedure, healthy tissue is used to cover the fistula opening and promote healing.

6.Laser Treatment: Laser therapy may be used to close the fistula tract and promote tissue healing.

Cost of Treatment in Delhi

The cost of treating an anal fistula in Delhi can vary depending on several factors, including the complexity of the fistula, the chosen treatment method, the hospital or healthcare facility selected, and the patient's overall health condition. Generally, surgical procedures and specialised treatments may be more expensive than less invasive options.

Public hospitals and government healthcare facilities in Delhi may offer more affordable treatment options for patients with financial constraints. Health insurance coverage can also help reduce the out-of-pocket expenses for patients seeking treatment for anal fistulas.


Anal fistulas are abnormal connections between the anus or rectum and the surrounding skin that can cause discomfort, pain, and recurrent infections. Timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential to managing anal fistulas effectively and preventing complications. Early intervention can improve patient outcomes and enhance the quality of life for individuals affected by this condition.

Advancements in surgical techniques and less invasive treatment options have made the management of anal fistulas more successful and less invasive. However, prevention remains a key aspect of reducing the incidence of anal abscesses and subsequent fistulas. Maintaining good anal hygiene, treating anal infections promptly, and seeking medical attention for any anal discomfort or symptoms are essential preventive measures.

If you or someone you know experiences symptoms suggestive of an anal fistula, it is crucial to seek medical advice promptly. Qualified healthcare professionals can accurately diagnose the condition and recommend the most suitable treatment option based on individual circumstances. As with any medical concern, early detection and intervention are vital for better patient outcomes and overall well-being.

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An anal fistula is an abnormal connection between an anal gland and the skin near the anus. It is a small tunnel that can cause drainage of pus, blood, or mucus from the anus.
The symptoms of an anal fistula can vary, but they often include: · Pain or discomfort around the anus · Drainage of pus, blood, or mucus from the anus · Itching around the anus · Redness or swelling around the anus · Difficulty passing stools
The exact cause of an anal fistula is not known, but it is believed to be due to an infection of an anal gland. This can be caused by a number of things, such as: · A tear in the anal lining · A foreign object in the anus · A chronic infection of the anal glands
Anyone can develop an anal fistula, but it is more common in people who have: · Crohn's disease · Ulcerative colitis · A history of anal surgery · A history of anal abscesses
The diagnosis of an anal fistula is usually made based on a physical exam and the patient's symptoms. Other tests that may be ordered include: · Anoscopy · Proctoscopy · MRI
The treatment for an anal fistula depends on the severity of the fistula. In some cases, the fistula may heal on its own. However, in most cases, surgery is necessary to remove the fistula.
The risks of anal fistula surgery are generally low. However, there are some potential complications, such as: · Infection · Bleeding · Recurrence of the fistula

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