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Dr Yugal Kishore Mishra
Dr Yugal Kishore Mishra

Chief & Head - Ctvs

CONSULTS AT

Manipal Hospital, New Delhi

EXPEREIENCE :
32 years
SURGERIES :
12000+

Treatment Starting at $3,000

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Treatment Starting at $3,000

Dr Yugal Kishore Mishra
Dr Yugal Kishore Mishra

Chief & Head - Ctvs

CONSULTS AT

Manipal Hospital, New Delhi

EXPEREIENCE :
32 years
SURGERIES :
12000+
Dr. Dinesh Kumar Mittal
Dr. Dinesh Kumar Mittal

Director & Hod - Ctvs ( Paeds & Adult)

CONSULTS AT

Fortis Shalimar Bagh

EXPEREIENCE :
20 years
SURGERIES :
5000+

Treatment Price on request

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Treatment Price on request

Dr. Dinesh Kumar Mittal
Dr. Dinesh Kumar Mittal

Director & Hod - Ctvs ( Paeds & Adult)

CONSULTS AT

Fortis Shalimar Bagh

EXPEREIENCE :
20 years
SURGERIES :
5000+
Dr. Mohan R
Dr. Mohan R

Senior Consultant And Clinical Lead Cardiothoracic Surgery / Heart And Lung Transplantation

CONSULTS AT

Dr. Rela Institute and Medical Centre

EXPEREIENCE :
16 years
SURGERIES :
NA

Treatment Price on request

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Treatment Price on request

Dr. Mohan R
Dr. Mohan R

Senior Consultant And Clinical Lead Cardiothoracic Surgery / Heart And Lung Transplantation

CONSULTS AT

Dr. Rela Institute and Medical Centre

EXPEREIENCE :
16 years
SURGERIES :
NA
Dr. Vitoon Pitiguagool
Dr. Vitoon Pitiguagool

Cardiac Surgeon

CONSULTS AT

Bangkok Hospital

EXPEREIENCE :
40 years
SURGERIES :
NA

Treatment Price on request

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Treatment Price on request

Dr. Vitoon Pitiguagool
Dr. Vitoon Pitiguagool

Cardiac Surgeon

CONSULTS AT

Bangkok Hospital

EXPEREIENCE :
40 years
SURGERIES :
NA
Dr. Ahmed Mohamed Yehia
Dr. Ahmed Mohamed Yehia

Cardiac Surgeon

CONSULTS AT

Saudi German Hospital Cairo, Egypt

EXPEREIENCE :
20 years
SURGERIES :
NA

Treatment Price on request

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Treatment Price on request

EXPEREIENCE :
20 years
SURGERIES :
NA
Dr. Abhinav Sharma
Dr. Abhinav Sharma

Adult Cardiothoracic Vascular Surgeon

CONSULTS AT

Amrita Hospital Faridabad

EXPEREIENCE :
14 years
SURGERIES :
NA

Treatment Price on request

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Treatment Price on request

Dr. Abhinav Sharma
Dr. Abhinav Sharma

Adult Cardiothoracic Vascular Surgeon

CONSULTS AT

Amrita Hospital Faridabad

EXPEREIENCE :
14 years
SURGERIES :
NA

Introduction:

Heart valve repair is a surgical procedure used to treat valvular heart diseases, where the heart valves do not function properly, leading to impaired blood flow. The heart has four valves: the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, aortic valve, and pulmonary valve. When any of these valves become diseased or damaged, it can result in a variety of symptoms and complications. Valve repair aims to restore the normal function of the valve and improve overall heart function. In this article, we will explore the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment options, the cost of valve repair in India, and conclude with its significance in cardiac care.

Symptoms:

The symptoms of valvular heart disease can vary depending on the affected valve and the severity of the condition. Common symptoms include:

1.Shortness of breath, especially during physical activity or lying flat.

2.Fatigue and weakness.

3.Chest pain or discomfort.

4.Irregular heartbeat or palpitations.

5.Swelling of the ankles, feet, or abdomen.

6.Dizziness or fainting spells.

7.Rapid weight gain due to fluid retention.

Causes:

Valvular heart diseases can have various causes, including:

  • Congenital Heart Defects: Some people are born with abnormal heart valves, which can lead to valvular problems later in life.
  • Rheumatic Fever: A complication of untreated strep throat, rheumatic fever can damage heart valves.
  • Age-related Degeneration: As people age, heart valves can degenerate and become less effective in controlling blood flow.
  • Infective Endocarditis: An infection of the inner lining of the heart, including the heart valves, can lead to valve damage.
  • Calcification: Calcium deposits can accumulate on the heart valves, causing them to stiffen and impair their function.
  • Heart Attack: A heart attack can damage the heart muscle and affect the function of the valves.

Diagnosis:

Diagnosing valvular heart disease involves a comprehensive evaluation by a cardiologist and may include the following:

1.Physical Examination: The doctor will listen to the heart sounds using a stethoscope to detect any abnormal heart murmurs.

2.Echocardiogram: This ultrasound test provides detailed images of the heart and its valves, allowing the doctor to assess their structure and function.

3.Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG): This test records the heart's electrical activity, helping identify irregular heart rhythms.

4.Chest X-ray: X-ray images of the chest can reveal the size and shape of the heart and identify any signs of heart failure.

5.Cardiac MRI or CT scan: These advanced imaging techniques may be used to obtain more detailed information about the heart and valves.

Treatment:

The appropriate treatment for valvular heart disease depends on the severity of the condition, the type of valve affected, and the patient's overall health. Treatment options include:

1.Medications: Medications may be prescribed to manage symptoms, reduce blood pressure, or prevent blood clots.

2.Valve Repair: Whenever possible, valve repair is preferred over valve replacement, as it preserves the patient's own tissue and offers better long-term outcomes. The surgeon may reshape, trim, or reinforce the valve to restore its proper function.

3.Valve Replacement: In cases where repair is not feasible, valve replacement using mechanical or bioprosthetic (tissue) valves may be necessary.

4.Minimally Invasive Procedures: Some valve repairs or replacements can be performed using minimally invasive techniques, leading to smaller incisions and faster recovery.

5.Transcatheter Valve Replacement: For high-risk or elderly patients, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) may be an option, which involves inserting a new valve through a catheter without open-heart surgery.

Cost of Valve Repair in India:

The cost of valve repair in India can vary depending on several factors, such as the type of valve disease, the chosen hospital, the surgeon's experience, and any complications that may arise during or after the procedure. Generally, valve repair is considered more cost-effective than valve replacement in the long term due to the avoidance of lifelong anticoagulation therapy required for mechanical valve replacement. India's healthcare system offers high-quality cardiac care at a fraction of the cost compared to many other countries, making it a preferred destination for medical tourists seeking affordable and advanced cardiac procedures.

Conclusion:

Valve repair is a vital surgical procedure for treating valvular heart diseases, aiming to improve blood flow, alleviate symptoms, and enhance overall cardiac function. Early diagnosis and timely intervention are crucial for successful outcomes. Advances in medical technology and surgical techniques have led to more effective and less invasive approaches to valve repair, benefitting patients with various valvular conditions. The cost-effective healthcare services available in India make it a viable option for patients seeking high-quality cardiac care without the burden of exorbitant expenses. As research and medical advancements continue, valve repair will continue to play a significant role in improving the quality of life for individuals with valvular heart diseases.

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FAQs

Valve repair is a surgical procedure to fix a damaged or malfunctioning heart valve. The goal of valve repair is to restore the valve to its normal function, so that blood can flow through the heart properly.
There are two main types of valve repair: · Minimally invasive valve repair: This type of repair is performed through small incisions in the chest. It is often used to repair the mitral valve. · Open heart valve repair: This type of repair is performed through a larger incision in the chest. It is often used to repair the aortic valve.
The benefits of valve repair include: · A lower risk of complications than valve replacement · A shorter recovery time · A better chance of avoiding blood thinners
The risks of valve repair include: · Bleeding · Infection · Heart rhythm problems · Damage to other heart structures
A good candidate for valve repair is someone who has a damaged or malfunctioning heart valve that can be repaired. This includes people who are: · Younger than 70 years old · In good overall health · Without other major health problems
The specific procedure used to repair a heart valve will vary depending on the type of valve and the extent of the damage. However, all valve repair procedures involve making an incision in the chest and accessing the heart. The surgeon will then use a variety of techniques to repair the valve, such as stitching, patching, or replacing a valve leaflet.
The length of time it takes to perform valve repair will vary depending on the type of valve and the extent of the damage. However, most valve repair procedures take 2-4 hours to complete.

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