By Healthtrip Team Blog Published on - 09 June - 2022

Knowing The Types Of Heart Surgeries


When people think of heart surgery, open-heart surgery is the only word that comes to our minds. The surgery involves a large incision in the chest and temporarily putting the heart in a heart-lung machine. However, in the last few decades, due to the latest advancements in the medical field, lesser invasive heart surgeries have been used. Here we’ve discussed various types of heart surgeries that you must know if you or someone you know is suffering from cardiac issues.

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Although with time, various newer techniques like laparoscopic or minimally invasive heart surgeries have emerged, the traditional open-heart surgeries are still performed. Following are the various open-heart surgeries that include-

In the United States, heart disease is the top cause of death for men and women. Every year, around 500,000 open heart operations are conducted. It is the most commonly performed procedure for coronary artery bypass or treatments to the aorta or the heart itself.

Also, Read - Can People With Heart Disease Lift Weights?

What are the various types of heart surgeries?

The various types of heart surgeries are listed below. As suggested by The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, the following are the common types of heart surgeries.

  • CABG(Coronary Artery Bypass Graft)- The most common type of open-heart surgery performed on people nowadays is coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This treatment is frequently used for patients with coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis. A segment of a healthy blood vessel from elsewhere in the body is used to establish a new channel around the blocked part of a blood artery during the revascularization procedure. This replenishes the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the heart, which had previously been starved.
  • Heart Valve repair- Surgeons either repair or replace the valve with an artificial or biological valve produced from pig, cow, or human heart tissue. One approach for repair is to implant a catheter through a big blood vessel, guide it to the heart, and inflate and deflate a small balloon at the catheter's tip to enlarge a narrow valve.
  • Aneurysm repair- To repair a balloon-like protrusion in the artery or wall of the heart muscle, a weak piece of the artery or heart wall is replaced with a patch or graft.
  • Heart Transplant-A surgical option for treating advanced heart failure, a condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough oxygenated blood to meet the needs of the body's organs.
  • The implantation of TAH-A VAD(Ventricular assist device) is a mechanical pump that helps the heart and blood circulate. A TAH (Total Artificial Heart) replaces the heart's two bottom chambers.
  • Transmyocardial Revascularization- A treatment used to treat individuals with severe angina or chest pain who are not candidates for bypass surgery or angioplasty.
  • Congenital Heart Surgery- Some congenital cardiac abnormalities require immediate correction. Other abnormalities may not manifest symptoms immediately. As a result, congenital heart disease can impact adults who had no idea they had a problem. This is common with atrial septal abnormalities, which may not manifest symptoms until middle life.

Also, Read - Does Moderate Drinking Protect Your Heart?

What are the most commonly performed heart surgeries?

The most common type of heart surgery is coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

Valve replacement and repair is the second most common type of heart surgery.

Also, Read - Know The Reasons For Valvular Heart Disease

How can we help in the treatment?

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There are several types of heart surgeries, including coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), heart valve surgery, heart transplant, and more.
CABG is a procedure to improve blood flow to the heart by bypassing blocked or narrowed coronary arteries using healthy blood vessels.
Heart valve surgery repairs or replaces damaged heart valves to restore proper blood flow within the heart.
A heart transplant involves replacing a diseased heart with a healthy donor heart to treat end-stage heart failure.
Angioplasty involves widening narrowed or blocked arteries using a balloon, often followed by placing a stent to keep the artery open.
Open-heart surgery is needed for procedures that require accessing the heart through the chest, such as bypass surgery or complex valve repairs.
Minimally invasive heart surgery uses small incisions and specialized instruments, resulting in less pain, shorter recovery times, and smaller scars.
Yes, robotic-assisted heart surgery allows surgeons to perform precise procedures using robotic arms and minimally invasive techniques.
: Recovery time varies based on the type of surgery. It can range from a few weeks for minimally invasive procedures to several months for more complex surgeries.
Like any surgery, heart surgeries carry risks such as infection, bleeding, and complications related to anesthesia. The risks vary depending on the procedure