What is epilepsy and how is it caused?
Overview of Epilepsy
Epilepsy is basically a neurological disorder of the central nervous system in which the activity of the brain becomes abnormal and deteriorates with time causing seizures, abnormal behavior, loss of sensation, loss of stimulation, loss of consciousness and awareness, etc.
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Symptoms or conditions of patients due to epilepsy
Initially, there are no warning signs or symptoms of epilepsy other than confusion and slow neural response. But as the condition gets worse people suffering from epilepsy show various symptoms;
Some of them might include:
- Stiff muscles
- Temporary confusion
- Loss of consciousness
- Delayed neural response
- Constant starring
- Uncontrolled jerking movement of arms and legs
- Mood swings
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Cause of epilepsy
Epilepsy can be developed in any individual of any age and it is found that it is quite common among old age groups. One cannot be sure of the cause of the disease to date but still according to research different categories can be responsible for epilepsy such as the structural, genetic, metabolic, and immune responses of a person.
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Some other probable causes of epilepsy might include:
- Brain tumor
- Severe head injury
- Brain damage due to lack of oxygen at the time of birth
- Congenital birth abnormality
- Infection in the brain
- Maternal use of drugs and alcohol
- Genetic disorder
- Family history of neurological disorders
- Very high fever
Diagnosis for Epilepsy
If a person is experiencing seizures and unusual behavior then one should seek medical help in order to see the exact problem. The best neurologist in India usually performs a physical test or general observation based on the symptom of the patient, asks for medical history, and then sees the neurological condition in order to test the motor ability and mental functioning of the brain.
In order to diagnose epilepsy the doctor usually asks for the following tests:
- Complete blood count
- Liver and kidney function test
- Electroencephalogram or EEG
- CT Scan
- PET or Positron emission tomography
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What is the treatment for epilepsy?
The treatment for epilepsy is based upon various factors such as the health of a person or severity of the symptoms and how actively one response to the therapy.
Brain surgery is one of the common treatments for epilepsy as in this the part of the brain that is responsible for causing the seizure activity can be removed or altered with the help of expert neurosurgeons in order to treat the condition.
Further, according to the Epilepsy Foundation ketogenic diet that consists of high fat and low carbohydrate diet is preferred for good health.
The neurosurgeon also uses a Vagus nerve stimulator device that is surgically placed under the skin of the chest as it helps in electrically stimulate the nerve that runs through the neck in order to prevent seizures.
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Medications are provided in order to reduce or decline seizures some of these meditations include antiepileptic drugs. Every person has a different experience with epilepsy and they have different symptoms and triggers for their seizures. It is necessary to understand the trigger movements of the person in order to prevent the recurrence of seizures.
Some of the Side effects of epilepsy include:
- Skin rash
- Memory loss
- Poor neural coordination
- Delayed neural response
- Behavioral changes
- Mood swings
- Inflammation of liver
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How can we help with the treatment?
If you are looking for any kind of neurological treatment surgery in India such as epilepsy treatment be assured, that we will assist you and guide you throughout your treatment in India and will be physically present with you even before it begins.
The following will be provided to you:
- Expert physicians, psychologists, and neurosurgeons
- Transparent communication
- Coordinated assistance
- Prior appointments with specialists and follow-up queries
- Assistance with medical tests
- Assistance with hospital formalities
- 24*7 availability
- Travel arrangements
- Assistance for accommodation and healthy recovery
- Assistance in emergencies
Our team is dedicated to offering the highest quality health tourism and care to our patients throughout their course of treatment. We have a team of highly qualified and devoted health professionals that will assist you in your medical journey.