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Beta-Thalassemia Test: Procedure, Costs All You Need to Know

08 Aug, 2022

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Overview

India has a huge burden with an estimated 1,00,000 patients suffering from thalassemia. Sounds alarming, right? Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder, i.e., it can be passed from one or both parents through genes. Those who are affected by thalassemia may suffer from a lack of hemoglobin production. Hemoglobin is an iron-containing protein found in RBCs (red blood cells) that transports oxygen to all body cells. It's necessary to diagnose such illnesses as early as possible. And for that, you need to undergo a specific set of tests that can help you identify the disease and seek treatment accordingly.

What is the beta-thalassemia test?

Lab tests commonly used to diagnose thalassemia are classified as screenings or confirmation tests based on their purpose. The screening tests detect carriers of thalassemia and HbE, whereas the confirmatory tests diagnose the illness.

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Procedure

The beta-thalassemia test is used to diagnose beta-thalassemia. It is a type of anemia characterized by a lack of RBCs or hemoglobin. Hemoglobin, found in red blood cells, is responsible for transporting oxygen to the body's cells. Beta-thalassemia interferes with hemoglobin production.

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What is the difference between alpha and beta thalassemia?

Thalassemia is a group of hereditary hematological illnesses caused by defects in the production of one or more hemoglobin chains. Alpha thalassemia is caused by reduced or absent alpha-globin chain synthesis, whereas beta-thalassemia is caused by reduced or absent beta-globin chain synthesis. Globin chain imbalances impact hemolysis and erythropoiesis (formation of RBC) which eventually cause anemia.

How do you get prepared for the beta thalassemia test?

There is no need to prepare for a beta-thalassemia test. Your doctor will notify you if there are any special instructions. If your doctor has requested additional blood samples, you may be required to fast for a few hours before the test.

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Beta thalassemia test cost:

The beta-thalassemia test cost may vary based on multiple factors like:

  • The location of the clinic or hospital
  • Any additional tests you need to undergo
  • The visiting fee of your doctor
  • The experience of your physician

The test cost starts at Rs. 500 and may rise to Rs. 7000 as well.

Why do you need to undergo such tests?

A baby born with beta-thalassemia major exhibits several symptoms shortly after birth. People who have the minor trait of beta-thalassemia are usually healthy, but they may show signs of iron deficiency or anemia.

Before starting a family, such people should be screened to ensure that they do not have a child with beta-thalassemia major.

How to understand the test results of beta thalassemia?

A reticulocyte count, also known as an immature red blood cell count, determines whether the bone marrow produces enough red blood cells.

Iron tests determine whether anemia is caused by thalassemia (a genetic disorder) or iron deficiency. However, your doctor will help you interpret the test results.

How can we help with the treatment?

If you are in search of thalassemia treatment in India, our health trip advisors will serve as your guide throughout the treatment. They will be physically present with you even before the treatment begins. The following will be provided to you:

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We are dedicated to offering the highest quality medical trip to our patients. We have a team of highly qualified and devoted health trip advisors who will be by your side from the beginning of your journey.

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