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Getting Familiar with the Complications of Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery

23 Jun, 2022

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Overview

Aortic valve repair and replacement are medical treatments for a damaged or diseased aortic valve.

The aortic valve is one of four valves in the heart that govern blood flow. A damaged aortic valve can obstruct blood flow and force the heart to work harder to send blood to the rest of the body. Like any other surgery, aortic valve replacement also carries some potential complications. Fortunately, the serious ones are rare and can be managed if you stay aware of such complications. Here we’ve discussed the same.

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Risk or complications associated with aortic valve replacement:

Complications are more likely in older people and those who are habitually in poor health.

Possible issues include:

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  • Infection - wound infections, lung infections, bladder infections, and heart valve infections are all possible (endocarditis). Antibiotics may be prescribed to lessen this risk.
  • Excessive bleeding - tubes may be placed in your chest to drain the blood, and additional surgery may be required to halt the bleeding.
  • Clots in the blood are more prevalent if you have had a mechanical valve replacement. If you are at risk, you will be given anticoagulant medication.
  • Stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) - a condition in which the blood supply to the brain is cut off.
  • The valve may wear out; this is especially prevalent in those who have had a biological valve replacement for a long time.
  • Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) — this affects approximately 25% of people following aortic valve replacement and normally resolves with time. However, 1 to 2% of people will require a pacemaker to manage their heartbeat.
  • Up to 5% of people's kidneys do not function properly for the first few days after surgery. Temporary dialysis may be required in a few circumstances.

Also, Read - Double Valve Replacement Surgery Risks

What are the precautionary measures you need to follow after aortic heart valve replacement?

After aortic valve repair or replacement surgery, your doctor will tell you when you can resume normal activities including working, driving, and exercising.

Regular health exams are usually required to monitor your heart status and look for issues such as valve failure. Imaging tests may be performed to ensure that the aortic valve is functioning properly.

Following heart valve surgery, it is critical to maintaining a heart-healthy lifestyle. The following lifestyle modifications may be suggested by your doctor:

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  • Regular physical activity
  • Weight management
  • Eating a nutritious diet
  • Stress management
  • Smoking cessation

Your doctor may also advise you to participate in a cardiac rehabilitation program, which combines education and exercise, to help you recover from aortic valve surgery.

How can we help with the treatment?

If you are in search of heart valve replacement treatment in India, we will serve as your guide throughout your treatment and will be physically present with you even before it begins. The following will be provided to you:

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  • Assistance in emergencies

Our team is dedicated to offering the highest quality health trip and care to our patients. We have a team of highly qualified and devoted health professionals that will be by your side from the beginning of your journey.

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