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A Comprehensive Guide on Bone Tumour Treatment in India

17 Jun, 2024

Blog author iconDr. Divya Nagpal

Receiving a bone tumour diagnosis can be overwhelming and distressing. Patients and their families face emotional, physical, and financial challenges, making the situation even more stressful. Delays in treatment can worsen conditions, increase pain, and decrease overall health. Navigating treatment options, hospitals, and specialists adds to the burden, especially for international patients. This guide provides detailed information on bone tumour treatment in India, including procedures, top doctors, hospitals, costs, success rates, and risks. Our aim is to help you make informed decisions and support your journey to recovery.

Bone Tumour Treatment Options and Procedure in India

India is renowned for its advanced medical facilities and skilled specialists in the treatment of bone tumours. Patients can expect a range of treatment options tailored to their specific needs, employing the latest technology and methodologies. Here’s a detailed overview of the primary treatment options available:

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1. Surgery

Surgery is the cornerstone of bone tumour treatment and involves the physical removal of the tumour. Depending on the tumour's size, location, and type, different surgical techniques may be employed:

  • Limb-Sparing Surgery: This advanced technique aims to remove the tumour while preserving as much of the limb's functionality as possible. Surgeons replace the excised bone with a bone graft or a prosthetic implant, maintaining the limb's structural integrity.

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  • Amputation: In cases where the tumour is too large or too close to critical structures, amputation may be necessary to ensure complete removal of the cancerous cells and prevent recurrence.

  • Bone Reconstruction: Following tumour removal, reconstructive surgery may be necessary to restore the bone’s function and appearance. This can involve bone grafts, metal rods, or custom-made implants.

  • 2. Radiation Therapy

    Radiation Therapy utilizes high-energy radiation to target and destroy cancer cells. It is often used in conjunction with surgery and chemotherapy:

    • External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT): This is the most common form, where radiation is delivered from outside the body, focusing precisely on the tumour site to minimize damage to surrounding healthy tissue.

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  • Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT): A more advanced form of EBRT, IMRT allows for more precise targeting of the tumour, reducing side effects and improving outcomes.

  • Brachytherapy: This involves placing radioactive materials inside or near the tumour site, providing a high radiation dose directly to the cancer cells while sparing surrounding healthy tissue.

  • 3. Chemotherapy

    Chemotherapy uses powerful drugs to kill cancer cells throughout the body. It is particularly effective for tumours that have spread or have a high risk of spreading:

    • Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy: Administered before surgery to shrink the tumour, making it easier to remove and increasing the likelihood of a successful surgery.

  • Adjuvant Chemotherapy: Given after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells and reduce the risk of recurrence.

  • Combination Chemotherapy: Often, multiple drugs are used in combination to enhance effectiveness and target cancer cells in different ways.

  • 4. Targeted Therapy

    Targeted Therapy involves drugs that specifically target cancer cells' genetic or molecular markers, sparing normal cells and reducing side effects:

    • Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (TKIs): These drugs block signals that promote cancer cell growth and survival. They are used for specific types of bone tumours with known genetic mutations.

  • Monoclonal Antibodies: These laboratory-produced molecules can bind to cancer cell targets, blocking their growth or marking them for destruction by the immune system.

  • 5. Cryosurgery

    Cryosurgery uses extreme cold to destroy cancer cells:

    • Cryoablation: In this minimally invasive procedure, a probe is inserted into the tumour, and liquid nitrogen or argon gas is used to freeze and kill the cancer cells. This method is particularly useful for tumours that are difficult to remove surgically.

    6. Personalized Treatment Plans

    Each patient’s treatment plan is customized based on several factors:

    • Type of Tumour: Whether the tumour is benign or malignant, its size, and location.
    • Stage of Tumour: Early-stage tumours may be treated differently than advanced-stage tumours.
    • Patient’s Overall Health: Age, general health, and co-existing medical conditions.
    • Patient Preferences: Considering the patient’s treatment goals and quality of life considerations.

    Multidisciplinary Approach

    A team of specialists, including orthopaedic surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists, and pathologists, collaborates to design and implement the most effective treatment strategy for each patient. Regular follow-ups and imaging tests are conducted to monitor the patient’s progress and adjust the treatment plan as needed.

    India's comprehensive approach to bone tumour treatment ensures that patients receive state-of-the-art care tailored to their unique needs, improving their chances of successful outcomes and a better quality of life.

    Top Doctors for Bone Tumour Treatment in India

    1. Prof. Dr. Mammen Chandy

    Designation: Hematologist/Clinical Pathologist
    Experience: 45 Years
    Country: India


    Prof. Dr. Mammen Chandy is a highly esteemed medical professional with significant contributions to the field of medicine, particularly in Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT). He is the recipient of the prestigious Dr BC Roy award and has the distinction of being the first person to successfully perform a Bone Marrow Transplant in India.

    Career Highlights

    • Founder and Former Director of the BMT unit at Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore.
    • Former Director at the TATA Medical Center, Kolkata.


    • Completed fellowship in Hematology and Pathology at Westmead Center, Sydney, Australia.
    • Obtained FRACP (Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians) and FRCPA (Fellow of the Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia) in 1985.
    • Rejoined the Department of Medicine at CMC, Vellore after his fellowship.


    • Graduated from Christian Medical College, Vellore in 1972 with an MBBS degree.
    • Completed MD Medicine postgraduate program in 1975.

    Awards and Recognitions

    • Padma Shri: Awarded by the Government of India in January 2019 for contributions to the field of medicine.
    • Kutumbiah Gold Medal in Medicine: Recognized for outstanding achievements in medicine.
    • John S Carman Medal in Surgery: Awarded for excellence in surgical practice and innovation.
    • TCF Medal in Pediatrics: Acknowledged for significant contributions to paediatrics.
    • Ida Scudder Medal in Obstetrics and Gynecology: Honored for excellence in obstetric and gynaecological care.
    • Medal for the Best Outgoing Student: Recognized as the top-performing student at CMC, Vellore.
    • University Medal for First Rank in MBBS (1971): Awarded for academic excellence during undergraduate studies.
    • University Medal for First Rank in MD (1978): Acknowledged for academic excellence during postgraduate studies.

    Dr Mammen Chandy's extensive experience and numerous accolades highlight his dedication and impact in the field of medicine, particularly in haematology and bone marrow transplantation.

    2. Dr. Arun Behl

    Designation: Senior Consultant – Surgical Oncology
    Experience: 23 Years
    Country: India


    Dr. Arun Behl is a highly experienced surgical oncologist with over 23 years of expertise in performing surgeries for various oncology cases. His extensive experience includes head, neck, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, breast, thoracic, and soft tissue malignancies.

    Career Highlights

    • Training: Trained in Surgical Oncology at the Tata Memorial Hospital in Mumbai from 1987 to 1991.
    • Director: Established and served as the Director of the Cancer Centre at the Indian Navy Premier Hospital ASVINI in Mumbai for over 12 years.
    • Academic Roles: Worked as a Professor and Head of Surgery and Chief Consultant Oncology in the Armed Forces for three years.
    • Consultant: Currently serves as a Consultant in Surgical Oncology at Fortis Hospital in Mulund, Mumbai.

    Areas of Expertise

    • Hepatobiliary, pancreatic, and esophageal cancer
    • Breast cancer with a focus on conservative surgery and sentinel node mapping
    • Head and neck malignancies with reconstruction

    Surgical Experience

    • Performed more than 5000 surgeries as an Oncosurgeon

    Academic Contributions

    • Postgraduate and Undergraduate teacher of Surgery at Pune University
    • Postgraduate teacher of Surgery at Mumbai University for 12 years


    • MBBS: Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune, 1973
    • MS in General Surgery: Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune, 1981
    • Medical Oncology Training: Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, 1985

    Dr. Arun Behl's extensive surgical experience and academic contributions have made him a respected figure in the field of surgical oncology. His current role at Fortis Hospital in Mulund, Mumbai, allows him to continue providing exceptional care to his patients.

    3. Dr. Suresh Advani

    • Medical Oncologist
    • Years of Experience: 51 years
    • Location: India

    About Dr. Suresh Advani

    • Special interest in Medical Oncology/Hematology and interactions with other clinical branches and basic sciences.
    • Focuses on developmental therapeutics and clinical research, integrating projects across various branches of clinical oncology and basic research.
    • Interest in biological therapeutics targeting molecular targets on cancer cells.
    • Pioneered Bone Marrow Transplantation in India.
    • Recipient of numerous accolades:
      • PADMASHRI and PADMABHUSHAN awards from the Government of India.
      • Dhanvantari Award for outstanding contributions to Medicine.
      • Lifetime Achievement in Oncology (2005).
    • Studied at Grant Medical College, Mumbai, and completed his Masters in oncology.
    • Gained experience in bone marrow transplantation at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington.
    • First oncologist in India to successfully perform a bone marrow transplant, notably transplanting bone marrow into a nine-year-old girl with myeloid leukaemia from her brother.


    • MBBS, DM - Oncology


    • Dhanvantari Award for Outstanding Contributions to Medicine
    • Lifetime Achievement in Oncology (2005)

    Top Hospitals for Bone Tumour Treatment in India

    1. Apollo Hospitals, Chennai

    Apollo Hospitals on Greams Road in Chennai was established in 1983 by Dr Prathap C Reddy. It was India's first corporate hospital and is acclaimed for pioneering the private healthcare revolution in the country. Over the years, Apollo Hospitals has risen to a position of leadership, emerging as Asia's foremost integrated healthcare services provider.


    • Address: 21 Greams Lane, Off Greams Road, Thousand Lights, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600006, India
    • City: Chennai
    • Country: India

    Hospital Features

    • Established Year: 1983
    • Treatment Availability: International
    • Hospital Category: Medical
    • Status: Active
    • Visibility on Website: Yes

    About Apollo Hospitals

    Apollo Hospitals has a robust presence across the healthcare ecosystem, including hospitals, pharmacies, primary care, and diagnostic clinics. The Group also has telemedicine units across 10 countries, health insurance services, global projects consultancy, medical colleges, Med-varsity for e-learning, colleges of nursing, and hospital management.

    Team and Specialties

    • Cardiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery: Apollo Hospitals hosts one of the largest cardiovascular groups globally, with around 14 world-class institutes, over 400 cardiologists & cardiac surgeons, and 200 heart stations.
    • Robotic Spinal Surgery: Among the few centres in Asia to perform this advanced procedure, Apollo is at the forefront of spinal disorder management.
    • Cancer Care: A 300-bedded, NABH-accredited hospital providing advanced technology in diagnosis and radiation, supported by an oncology team of renowned specialists and well-trained medical and paramedical professionals.
    • Gastroenterology: Offers the latest endoscopic procedures for gastrointestinal bleeding, cancers, foreign body removal, etc.
    • Transplant Institutes: The Apollo Transplant Institutes (ATI) is one of the largest, most comprehensive, and busiest solid transplant programs globally.
    • Liver Surgery: Equipped with a 320-slice CT scanner, a state-of-the-art Liver Intensive Care Unit & Operation Theatre, and various surgical tools to enable safe & bloodless liver surgery.
    • Neurosurgery: Recognized as a leader in acute neurosurgery, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, is among the top hospitals specializing in neuro care worldwide.


    With the experience of over one million health checks, Apollo Hospitals has emerged as a key player in the corporate healthcare sector. Over 500 leading corporates, across all industry segments, have tied up with Apollo Hospitals, providing their employees ready access to sophisticated medical facilities at over 64 locations in India. The corporate services initiative of Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, aims to provide world-standard healthcare within the reach of every individual.

    2. Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI), Gurugram

    Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI) in Gurgaon is a premier multi-super specialty, quaternary care hospital. Known for its international faculty and reputed clinicians, including super-sub-specialists and speciality nurses, FMRI is supported by cutting-edge technology. The hospital aims to be the 'Mecca of Healthcare' for the Asia Pacific region and beyond.


    • Address: Sector - 44, Opposite HUDA City Centre, Gurgaon, Haryana - 122002, India
    • City: Gurgaon
    • Country: India

    Hospital Features

    • Established Year: 2001
    • Number of Beds: 1000
    • Number of ICU Beds: 81
    • Operation Theaters: 15
    • Hospital Category: Medical
    • Treatment Availability: International
    • Status: Active
    • Visibility on Website: Yes


    FMRI excels in several medical specialities, including:

    • Neurosciences
    • Oncology
    • Renal Sciences
    • Orthopedics
    • Cardiac Sciences
    • Obstetrics and Gynecology

    These specialities leverage advanced technology and top clinicians to deliver exceptional healthcare services.

    Team and Expertise

    • International Recognition: FMRI has been ranked No.2 of the 30 most technologically advanced hospitals in the world by ‘,’ surpassing many other outstanding medical institutions globally.
    • Patient Care: Fortis hospitals treat over 3.5 lakh patients annually, relying on reputed clinicians, state-of-the-art infrastructure, and world-class technology such as the Da Vinci robot, ensuring patients go home healthy.
    • Innovative Initiatives: FMRI's initiatives range from customized preventive health checks to quaternary care provided by super-specialized clinicians conducting rare and complex surgeries.

    About Fortis Healthcare

    FMRI is a flagship hospital of Fortis Healthcare, one of the top healthcare providers in India. Fortis Healthcare is known for its commitment to quality healthcare and patient safety, making FMRI one of the most sought-after medical destinations in the region.

    For more information or to schedule an appointment, please contact FMRI through the provided email addresses.

    3. BLK-Max Super Speciality Hospital

    BLK-Max Super Speciality Hospital in New Delhi was established by Dr B L Kapur, an eminent Obstetrician and Gynecologist. Originally set up as a charitable hospital in Lahore in 1930, the hospital was reestablished in post-partition India in Ludhiana and later in Delhi at the invitation of the then Prime Minister. The hospital was inaugurated by Prime Minister Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru on January 2, 1959.


    • Address: Pusa Rd, Radha Soami Satsang, Karol Bagh, New Delhi, Delhi, India
    • City: New Delhi
    • Country: India

    About Hospital

    • History: BLK Super Speciality Hospital was founded by Dr. B L Kapur. The hospital celebrated its Silver Jubilee in 1984, marking its status as Delhi's premier multispecialty institute.
    • Services: The hospital offers services in General Surgery, Ophthalmology, ENT, Dentistry, Pulmonology, Intensive Care, Orthopedics, and mother & child care.
    • Capacity: Spread over five acres with 650 beds, BLK is one of the largest tertiary care private hospitals in India.
    • Facilities: Outpatient services are spread across two floors with 60 consultation rooms. The hospital has 17 state-of-the-art modular operation theatres equipped with advanced technology.
    • Critical Care: The hospital has 125 critical care beds in various intensive care units, including Medical, Surgical, Cardiac, Pediatrics, Neonatology, Neurosciences, and Organ Transplant units. Each unit is equipped with high-end patient monitoring devices, ventilators, and dedicated isolation rooms.


    • Operation Theatres: 17 well-equipped modular operation theatres with three-stage air filtration and gas scavenging systems.
    • Critical Care: The hospital has one of the largest critical care programs in the region with 125 ICU beds.
    • Transplant Centers: Dedicated ICUs for Liver and Renal Transplants with specialized instruments and equipment.
    • Birthing Suites: Specialized birthing suites with telemetric fetal monitors and a dedicated operation theatre adjacent to the labour room.
    • Technology: Advanced Building Management System, automatic pneumatic chute system, Wi-Fi-enabled campus, and top-of-the-line Hospital Information System (HIS) with contemporary electronic medical records (EMR).

    Bone Tumour Treatment Cost in India (USD)

    Bone tumour treatment costs in India can vary depending on several factors. Here's a range you can expect:

    • USD 5,000 to USD 9,500: This is a common range for bone tumour treatment in India.

    Factors affecting cost:

    • Tumour type (benign or malignant): Benign tumours are generally less expensive to treat.
    • Treatment procedure: Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy all have varying costs.
    • Hospital facilities and surgeon's experience: Reputed hospitals and surgeons may charge more.
    • Location: Costs can differ slightly between major cities and smaller towns.
    • Pre-operative investigations: X-rays, MRIs etc.

    Bone Tumour Treatment Success Rate in India

    Success rates for bone tumour treatment in India depend on various factors, including:

    • Tumour type and stage: Early detection and benign tumours have higher success rates.
    • Treatment type and adherence to it: Following the treatment plan is crucial.

    Here's a general range of bone tumour treatment success rates in India:

    • 60-80%: This is a reported range for overall success rates.

    It's important to consult a qualified oncologist or orthopaedic oncologist in India for a personalized prognosis and success rate estimate based on your specific case.

    Risks and Complications

    While bone tumour treatments are generally effective, they come with potential risks and complications, including:

    • Infection: Risk of post-surgical infections.
    • Bleeding: Excessive bleeding during or after surgery.
    • Chronic Pain: Persistent pain even after treatment.
    • Recurrence: The possibility of the tumour returning.
    • Side Effects of Chemotherapy and Radiation: Nausea, fatigue, and damage to surrounding healthy tissues.

    How can HealthTrip assist with your treatment?

    If you're seeking Bone Tumour Treatment in India, let HealthTrip be your compass. We support you throughout your medical journey with the following:

    • Access to top doctors in 38+ countries and the largest health travel platform.
    • Partnerships with 1500+ hospitals, including Fortis, Medanta, and more.
    • Treatments in neuro, cardiac care, transplants, aesthetics, and wellness.
    • Post-treatment care and assistance.
    • Teleconsultations with leading doctors at $1/minute.
    • Over 61K patients served.
    • Access Top treatments and packages, such as Angiograms and many more.
    • Gain insights from genuine patient experiences and testimonials.
    • Stay updated with our medical blog.
    • 24/7 unwavering support, from hospital formalities to travel arrangements or emergencies.

    Hear from our satisfied patients

    India has cemented its status as a premier destination for bone tumour treatment, providing top-tier medical care at a fraction of the cost compared to Western countries. With experienced oncologists, advanced hospitals, and a wide array of treatment options, patients worldwide choose India for their care. The promising success rates and managed risks associated with treatment further underscore India's appeal as a preferred choice for addressing bone tumours.

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    In India, common treatment options for bone tumours include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and cryosurgery. Each treatment is tailored to the patient's specific needs and the tumour's characteristics.