By Healthtrip Team Blog Published on - 11 November - 2022

Hemorrhoids: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

Hemorrhoid is also widely known as piles; these are basically swollen veins that are present in the lower rectum or the anus area. The swollen veins are quite similar to the Varicose veins and are usually developed inside the rectum internally (internal hemorrhoids) or under the skin around the anus which is called the external hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are quite common in adults and it may occur from time to time. It is very uncomfortable and people suffering from it usually suffer from pain, severe itching, difficulty in sitting, have difficulty in passing the feces etc. But fortunately it is treatable and one can get relief from lifestyle changes and medication.

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Common symptoms for hemorrhoids:

The symptoms for hemorrhoids vary upon person to person and the type of hemorrhoid that means if it is internal or external. Generally, hemorrhoids are not life threatening but they require treatment. Some of the common symptoms from hemorrhoid include:

Symptoms for internal hemorrhoids:

Since internal hemorrhoids lie inside the rectum one cannot see or feel it but it may cause discomfort and irritation while passing the stool. The person suffering from internal hemorrhoids may have

  • Painless bleeding during stools
  • Protruding hemorrhoids that causes pain and irritation
  • Skin sticking out of anus

Symptoms for External hemorrhoids:

As mentioned earlier, external hemorrhoids are present in the skin around the anus area. This is more painful as compared to internal hemorrhoids. People suffering from external hemorrhoids have symptoms such as:

  • Excruciating pain
  • Swelling
  • Itching around the anal area
  • Bleeding during passing stools
  • Lumps and swelling in the anal region
  • Bulging of a vein
  • Soreness around the anus
  • Irritation around the anal area after passing the stool

Probable Causes and risk factors for Hemorrhoids:

One cannot guess the exact cause of hemorrhoids but still they are probable conditions that may be the cause of hemorrhoids. Some of which include:

  • Old age
  • Excessive straining during bowel movement
  • Pregnancy
  • Family history of having hemorrhoids
  • Persistent constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Sitting for long duration
  • Obesity
  • Consumption of spicy food
  • Excessive consumption of preservative rich food
  • Consistent heavy lifting
  • Anal intercourse
  • Low fiber diet
  • Lack of hydration in the body

Hemorrhoids Treatment:

Generally, in mild cases hemorrhoids get cured on their own with time. But in severe cases one requires proper treatment:
Lifestyle changes and home remedies are quite effective in many cases. One can get relief within 2 to 7 days of lifestyle. Just by adding fiber in the diet, consuming food, vegetables and grains, drinking plenty of water in order to keep the body hydrated and by having an active lifestyle one can improve their condition.
There are medications that help to control the symptoms and help with the paint swelling and itching.
The surgical methods are required when one does not get relief from the medications or home remedies. In cases of surgical methods the doctor uses Chemicals, infrared light, laser, tiny double band to get rid of the hemorrhoid. Further the doctor might remove the swollen part with a scalpel.

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Hemorrhoids are swollen and inflamed blood vessels located in the lower rectum or around the anus.
Common symptoms of hemorrhoids include rectal pain, itching, discomfort, and the presence of blood in the stool.
To prevent hemorrhoids, it's recommended to maintain a high-fiber diet, drink plenty of water, exercise regularly, and avoid excessive straining during bowel movements.
In some cases, mild hemorrhoids may resolve on their own, especially with improved lifestyle habits. However, severe or persistent hemorrhoids may require treatment.
Treatment options for hemorrhoids include over-the-counter creams, ointments, and suppositories, as well as procedures like rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, and in severe cases, surgical removal.
You should consult a doctor if you experience persistent rectal bleeding, severe pain, or if your symptoms do not improve with at-home treatments.
Yes, natural remedies like warm baths, witch hazel compresses, and maintaining proper hygiene can help alleviate mild hemorrhoid symptoms.
Yes, risk factors include chronic constipation, prolonged sitting or standing, obesity, pregnancy, and a family history of hemorrhoids.
To manage discomfort, you can try applying ice packs, using cushioned seats, and avoiding prolonged sitting or straining. If symptoms persist, consult a healthcare professional for appropriate guidance.