Things to Know About Webbed Toes Surgery
Webbed toes or fingers are basically a physical condition in which the person is born with two or more fingers that are fused together. Generally, such a condition lies or runs in the family; it is quite common and about one in 3000 infants are born with it. It is seen that it affects more boys as compared to girls. It is also seen that children that suffer from down syndrome also suffer from it. Webbed fingers can affect any finger, but it is seen that it usually affects the toes, thumbs, and last finger.
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What causes webbed toes?
During the formation of the fetus, when the hands and feet start to develop it is in the shape of a paddle but around the sixth or seventh week of the pregnancy, the hands and feet take their shape and split into fingers and toes. Infants that are born with webbed toes or fingers are unable to successfully complete this process which leads to fusion of the toe or fingers. Generally, there is no specific reason for webbed fingers or toes and it can occur at random as well. Only on rare occasions, it is seen that it is inherited but according to various studies it can be related to genetic disorders or defects such as Crouzon syndrome, Down syndrome, Alert syndrome, or other diseases that are related to abnormal growth of bones.
Treatment for webbed toes or fingers
The treatment for webbed toes or fingers is surgically performed as no other method can be used as it is a physical change that can't be treated with medicine.
Webbed toe surgery is a very common procedure and does not include many risks or complexities with it. Firstly, an anaesthesiologist provides general anesthesia to the individual who is going for the surgery. In the case of children, combination medications are used in order to put them to sleep so that they do not feel any kind of pain or have any memory of the surgery. The surgery is done with absolute precision by splitting up the fused toes or fingers in the correct shape so that it looks normal.
In some cases, some extra skin is required in order to fully cover the separated fingers from all sides. The skin graft required may be taken from the upper arm or inside of the thigh. After performing the surgery the wound is sealed with stitches and a cast is placed. The cast is required for 2 to 3 weeks before the removal and it is replaced with a brace in order to keep the fingers separated. In many cases, a physical therapy session may be required in order to help with stiffness, swelling, muscle movement, etc.
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