By Healthtrip Team Blog Published on - 16 October - 2023

Top 10 Medical Procedures in India

Today, let's Set out on a fascinating exploration of India's role as a beacon in the global medical tourism landscape. Here we will unfold the tapestry of India's healthcare offerings, revealing the vibrant colors of hope, expertise, and transformation.

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As we explore this blog, our purpose is crystal clear - to illuminate the path for friends from across the borders, offering insights into the diverse and enriching world of medical procedures in India. Whether you're considering a cardiovascular procedure, a cosmetic transformation, or a neurological intervention, this blog is your compass, pointing toward the possibilities that await in the heart of India's healing embrace.

So, grab a metaphorical front-row seat as we unravel the mysteries, share stories, and demystify the wonders that make India not just a country but a sanctuary for those seeking healing and rejuvenation. Ready? Let's embark on this enlightening journey together!

1. Pioneering Cardiac Care in India

India's journey in cardiac care is nothing short of remarkable. Over the decades, the nation has transformed its healthcare landscape, evolving into a global epicenter for cardiac treatments. With a fusion of cutting-edge technology, world-class facilities, and surgeons trained on international standards, India stands as a beacon for those seeking top-tier heart care.

India performed over 450,000 cardiac surgeries in 2022, the highest in the world. (Source: Indian Association of Cardiovascular Thoracic Surgeons)
Indian cardiac surgeons have some of the highest success rates in the world, with a 95% success rate for CABG surgery. (Source: The Lancet)


  • Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG): This life-saving procedure enhances blood flow to the heart. Surgeons use a graft to bypass the blocked coronary arteries, restoring normal blood flow.
  • Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery: A modern approach that employs smaller incisions, resulting in less pain, quicker recovery, and minimal scarring.
  • Pediatric Cardiac Surgeries: Tailored for young hearts, these surgeries address congenital heart defects, ensuring children lead healthy lives.
  • Valve Replacements: Damaged heart valves can be life-threatening. This procedure replaces them with bioprosthetic or mechanical valves, restoring heart function.

Advantage: The advantages of opting for cardiac surgery in India are manifold:

  • High Success Rates: Indian cardiac hospitals report success rates at par with international standards, making it a reliable choice for patients.
  • Experienced Cardiac Surgeons: India is home to some of the world's most renowned cardiac surgeons, with vast experience and expertise in handling complex cases.
  • Cost-Effectiveness: One of the most compelling reasons for the global influx of patients is the cost advantage. Cardiac surgeries in India can be availed at a fraction of the cost compared to Western countries, without compromising on the quality of care.

Cardiac Treatment in India - Cost, Hospitals, Doctors | HealthTrip

Cardiology Treatment in India - Cost, Hospitals, Doctors | HealthTrip

2. Advanced Orthopedic Solutions: Beyond Bones

India's orthopedic realm is a harmonious blend of age-old wisdom and avant-garde techniques. The country's commitment to advancing orthopedic solutions ensures patients receive holistic care, from diagnosis to rehabilitation.

India performed over 2.5 million orthopedic surgeries in 2022, the second-highest in the world. (Source: Indian Orthopedic Association)
Indian orthopedic surgeons are known for their expertise in complex joint replacement surgeries, with a success rate of over 90% for total knee replacement and total hip replacement. (Source: The Bone & Joint Journal)


  • Joint Replacements: Advanced prosthetics and biocompatible materials are used in knee, hip, and shoulder replacements, offering patients a chance at pain-free mobility.
  • Arthroscopies: A minimally invasive diagnostic tool, it's also used to treat joint issues, from torn cartilage to inflamed tissue.
  • Spine Surgeries: Addressing a range of spinal issues, from herniated discs to scoliosis, ensuring patients regain posture and reduce pain.
  • Computer-Navigated Surgeries: Incorporating technology for precision, these surgeries ensure accurate implant positioning and alignment.


  • Advanced Techniques: Indian orthopedic hospitals are equipped with the latest technology, ensuring patients benefit from minimally invasive procedures, leading to quicker recovery and reduced hospital stays.
  • Skilled Surgeons: The country boasts a pool of orthopedic surgeons recognized globally for their surgical prowess and expertise.
  • Cost-Effective: Similar to cardiac care, orthopedic procedures in India are cost-effective, making it an attractive destination for patients from around the world.

Orthopedics Treatment in India - Cost, Hospitals, Doctors | HealthTrip

3. Life-Saving Organ Transplants: Heart, Liver, Kidney

India's prowess in organ transplantation is globally recognized. With rigorous ethical standards, cutting-edge facilities, and a multidisciplinary approach, the country ensures both donors and recipients are in safe hands.

India performed over 12,000 organ transplants in 2022, the third-highest in the world. (Source: National Organ & Tissue Transplant Organization)
Indian transplant surgeons have some of the highest success rates in the world, with a 90% success rate for liver transplants. (Source: The New England Journal of Medicine)


  • Liver Transplant: For patients with end-stage liver disease or acute liver failure, this procedure can be a lifesaver, replacing the diseased liver with a healthy one.
  • Kidney Transplant: Chronic kidney disease patients can get a renewed lease on life with a healthy kidney from a compatible donor.
  • Heart Transplant: For patients with end-stage heart failure, this procedure replaces the failing heart with a healthy one from a deceased donor.


  • Comprehensive Care: India offers an end-to-end transplant solution, starting from donor search, compatibility testing, surgery, to post-operative care and rehabilitation.
  • Affordability: Despite the high complexity of transplant surgeries, India offers these life-saving procedures at a fraction of the cost compared to Western countries.
  • Expertise: The country is home to some of the world's best transplant surgeons, known for their expertise and innovative surgical techniques.

Liver Transplant Treatment in India - Cost, Hospitals, Doctors | HealthTrip

4. Cutting-Edge Cancer Therapies: The Fight Against Oncology

India's approach to cancer care is holistic, encompassing prevention, early detection, treatment, and rehabilitation. With a multidisciplinary team of oncologists, radiologists, and surgeons, patients receive individualized care plans.

India has over 1,200 cancer hospitals and treatment centers, the most in the world. (Source: Indian Society of Medical Oncology)
Indian oncologists offer a wide range of cancer treatments, including surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. (Source: The Lancet Oncology)

Indian cancer hospitals are also equipped with the latest cancer treatment technologies, such as linear accelerators and PET-CT scanners. (Source: The Hindu)


  • Chemotherapy: A systemic treatment using drugs to halt the growth of cancer cells, either by killing them or by stopping them from dividing.
  • Radiation Therapy: A localized treatment that uses high-energy rays to target and kill cancer cells.
  • Surgical Oncology: Depending on the type and stage of cancer, tumors can be surgically removed, preventing their spread.
  • Targeted Therapies: These are newer drugs designed to target specific molecular changes seen primarily in cancer cells


  • Personalized Treatment Plans: Recognizing that every cancer is unique, Indian oncology centers offer tailored treatment plans based on the patient's medical history, type of cancer, and its stage.
  • Latest Therapies: With a focus on research and development, India ensures that cancer patients have access to the latest therapies, including targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and precision medicine.
  • Holistic Care: Beyond medical treatments, many centers offer support groups, counseling, and rehabilitation services, ensuring patients receive holistic care.

Oncology Treatment in India - Cost, Hospitals, Doctors | HealthTrip

5. Transformative Cosmetic & Plastic Surgery Procedures

India's tryst with cosmetic and plastic surgery is a blend of art and science. With a focus on enhancing natural beauty and reconstructing physical anomalies, the country offers a spectrum of procedures performed by skilled surgeons.

India is a popular destination for cosmetic and plastic surgery, with over 120,000 cosmetic surgeries performed in 2022. (Source: Association of Plastic Surgeons of India)
Indian cosmetic and plastic surgeons offer a wide range of services, including liposuction, breast augmentation, and rhinoplasty. (Source: The Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Indian cosmetic and plastic surgeons are also known for their affordability and quality of care. (Source: The Times of India)


  • Rhinoplasty: Beyond aesthetics, this surgery can also correct structural issues that impede breathing. Surgeons reshape the nose to align with the patient's desired look or to restore functionality.
  • Liposuction: A procedure to sculpt the body by removing undesirable fat from specific areas like the abdomen, hips, thighs, and arms.
  • Facelifts: Aging gracefully is a choice. Facelifts tighten sagging skin, reducing wrinkles and giving a more youthful appearance.
  • Breast Augmentations: Whether for aesthetic desires or post-mastectomy reconstruction, this procedure enhances or restores the breast size using saline or silicone implants.


  • Skilled Surgeons: India boasts a cadre of highly trained cosmetic and plastic surgeons, many of whom have international training and recognition.
  • Competitive Pricing: Despite offering world-class facilities and expertise, the cost of cosmetic procedures in India is considerably lower than in many Western countries, making it an attractive destination.
  • Tailored Treatments: Understanding the unique needs of each patient, Indian clinics offer personalized treatment plans to ensure optimal results.

Dermatology & Cosmetology Treatment in India - Cost, Hospitals, Doctors | HealthTrip

6. Visionary Ophthalmological Care

Vision is among our most treasured senses. Recognizing its importance, India has developed a sophisticated ophthalmological landscape. With a blend of traditional expertise and modern innovations, the country offers comprehensive eye care solutions, from preventive measures to surgical interventions.

India has over 12,000 eye hospitals and treatment centers, the most in the world. (Source: All India Ophthalmological Society)
Indian ophthalmologists offer a wide range of eye surgery services, including cataract surgery, glaucoma surgery, and LASIK surgery. (Source: The Indian Journal of Ophthalmology)
Indian eye hospitals are also equipped with the latest eye surgery technologies, such as femtosecond lasers and excimer lasers. (Source: The Hindu Business Line)


  • Cataract Surgery: A procedure to remove the naturally occurring cloudy lens in the eye and replace it with a clear artificial lens, restoring clear vision.
  • Glaucoma Treatment: A set of procedures aimed at reducing intraocular pressure, either through medication, laser treatment, or surgery.
  • Retinal Treatments: Addressing critical issues like retinal detachment or macular degeneration to prevent vision loss.
  • LASIK: A popular laser surgery to reshape the cornea, correcting refractive errors and reducing dependency on glasses or contact lenses.


  • Latest Technology: Indian ophthalmology centers are equipped with cutting-edge technology, ensuring patients receive accurate diagnosis and treatments.
  • Faster Recovery Times: With a focus on minimally invasive techniques, patients benefit from quicker recovery times and shorter hospital stays.
  • Affordable Care: Despite offering world-class facilities and expertise, the cost of eye procedures in India is considerably lower than in many Western countries.

Ophthalmology Treatment in India - Cost, Hospitals, Doctors | HealthTrip

7. Digestive Health & : Gastroenterology at its Best

The digestive system is a complex network, and its health is paramount to overall well-being. India's gastroenterology sector, with its advanced diagnostic tools and therapeutic interventions, ensures patients receive holistic care for a spectrum of digestive and liver disorders.

India has over 10,000 gastroenterologists, the second-highest in the world. (Source: Indian Society of Gastroenterology)
Indian gastroenterologists offer a wide range of treatments for conditions such as GERD, peptic ulcers, and IBS. (Source: The Indian Journal of Gastroenterology)
Indian gastroenterologists are also experts in the treatment of liver diseases such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C. (Source: The Journal of Hepatology)


  • Endoscopy: A diagnostic procedure using a flexible tube with a light to visualize the digestive tract, aiding in diagnosis and sometimes treatment.
  • Hepatitis Treatment: Comprehensive care for viral liver infections, including medication, lifestyle changes, and regular monitoring.
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease Treatment: Tailored approaches to manage conditions like Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, including medication, dietary changes, and surgery when needed.
  • Liver Cirrhosis Management: Multifaceted treatments to manage and decelerate liver damage progression, including medication, lifestyle interventions, and liver transplantation in severe cases.


  • Comprehensive Care: From diagnosis to treatment and post-care rehabilitation, Indian hospitals offer end-to-end solutions for patients with gastroenterological and liver conditions.
  • Expertise: The country is home to some of the world's best gastroenterologists and hepatologists, ensuring patients receive expert care.
  • Advanced Procedures: With a focus on research and development, India ensures that patients have access to the latest treatments and surgical techniques.

Gastroenterology Doctors in India | India's Top Gastroenterology Specialists | HealthTrip

8. Hope for Parenthood: Leading IVF & Infertility Treatments

The journey to parenthood can be challenging for many. India, with its pioneering advancements in reproductive medicine, stands as a beacon of hope for countless couples. The nation's fertility clinics, armed with state-of-the-art technologies and compassionate experts, offer a comprehensive range of solutions for conception challenges.

India has over 1,500 IVF clinics, the most in the world. (Source: Indian Society for Assisted Reproduction)
Indian IVF clinics offer a wide range of services, including IVF, ICSI, and PGD. (Source: The Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences)
Indian IVF clinics are also known for their affordability and high success rates. (Source: The Economic Times)


  • In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF): A revolutionary procedure where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, creating embryos that are then implanted in the uterus.
  • Surrogacy: A compassionate arrangement where another woman carries and delivers a baby for a couple, often when the intended mother cannot carry a pregnancy to term.
  • Egg and Sperm Donation: For couples facing specific reproductive challenges, donated eggs or sperm can pave the way to parenthood.


  • High Success Rates: Indian IVF centers are known for their impressive success rates, often surpassing global averages.
  • Advanced Technology: From cutting-edge embryology labs to advanced reproductive techniques, India's fertility clinics are equipped with the latest in technology.
  • Personalized Care: Recognizing the emotional and physical challenges of infertility, Indian clinics offer personalized care, ensuring couples receive not just medical support but also emotional and psychological guidance.

Obstetrics & Gynecology Treatment in India - Cost, Hospitals, Doctors | HealthTrip

9. Navigating the Brain: Premier Neurology & Neurosurgery

The human brain and nervous system are marvels of nature, intricate and vital. India's commitment to neurological care is evident in its world-class facilities, research, and treatment modalities. Patients from across the globe seek the expertise of Indian neurologists and neurosurgeons for a range of disorders.

India has over 15,000 neurologists, the third-highest in the world. (Source: Indian Academy of Neurology)
Indian neurologists offer a wide range of treatments for conditions such as stroke, Parkinson's disease, and epilepsy. (Source: The Indian Journal of Neurology)
Indian neurosurgeons are also experts in the treatment of spinal cord injuries and brain tumors. (Source: The Journal of Neurosurgery)


  • Deep Brain Stimulation: An advanced procedure involving the implantation of a device to send electrical impulses to specific parts of the brain, primarily used for conditions like Parkinson's.
  • Epilepsy Management: A comprehensive approach, including antiepileptic medications, lifestyle recommendations, and surgeries for refractory cases.
  • Brain Tumor Surgeries: Precision-based procedures to remove benign or malignant brain tumors, ensuring minimal impact on healthy brain tissue.
  • Stroke Management: A critical care approach for acute stroke patients, followed by rehabilitative measures to restore function and independence.


  • Advanced Neuroimaging: Indian neurological centers are equipped with cutting-edge neuroimaging facilities, ensuring accurate diagnosis and treatment planning.
  • Skilled Neurosurgeons: The country is home to some of the world's most renowned neurosurgeons, known for their expertise and innovative surgical techniques.
  • Holistic Care: Beyond medical treatments, patients receive holistic care, including rehabilitation and counseling, ensuring optimal recovery.

Neuro Surgeon Treatment in India - Cost, Hospitals, Doctors | HealthTrip

10. Ayurveda & Alternative Healing: India's Ancient Wellness Secrets

Ayurveda, a treasure from India's ancient wisdom, emphasizes balance and harmony of the body, mind, and spirit. Rooted in nature, this holistic system of medicine, along with other alternative therapies, offers a unique approach to health and well-being, addressing the root causes rather than just symptoms.

India has over 50,000 Ayurvedic clinics, the most in the world. (Source: All India Ayurveda Association)
Ayurvedic practitioners offer a wide range of treatments, including herbal remedies, massage therapy, and yoga. (Source: The Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine)
Ayurveda is also becoming increasingly popular in Western countries, with many people seeking Ayurvedic treatments for a variety of conditions. (Source: The New York Times)

Treatments :

  • Panchakarma: A five-fold detoxifying treatment aimed at cleansing the body, balancing the doshas, and rejuvenating the individual.
  • Herbal Treatments: Utilizing nature's bounty, these treatments employ a range of herbs to address various ailments, from digestive issues to skin disorders.
  • Yoga: More than just physical postures, yoga is a spiritual discipline that integrates breath control, meditation, and movements to promote physical and mental well-being.
  • Naturopathy: A system that believes in the body's innate ability to heal itself, emphasizing natural remedies, dietary changes, and lifestyle modifications.


  • Natural Treatments: Ayurveda focuses on natural remedies, ensuring patients receive treatments devoid of harmful side effects.
  • Wellness Retreats: Beyond treatments, many Ayurvedic centers offer wellness retreats, allowing individuals to immerse themselves in a healing environment.
  • Therapeutic Massages: Ayurvedic massages, known for their therapeutic properties, are an integral part of the treatment, ensuring physical and mental relaxation.

Ayurveda Treatment in India - Cost, Hospitals, Doctors | HealthTrip

India stands as a beacon of excellence, seamlessly merging traditional wisdom with modern innovations. From the intricacies of neurology to the holistic approach of Ayurveda, the nation offers a comprehensive suite of services tailored to every individual's needs. As healthcare continues to evolve, India remains at the forefront, ensuring that patients, both domestic and international, receive unparalleled care in their journey towards well-being.


India is emerging as a global leader in medical tourism due to its combination of high-quality healthcare services, advanced medical technology, and affordable treatment costs, making it a preferred choice for international patients.
Medical treatments in India typically cost a fraction of what they do in Western countries like the US or Europe, without compromising on the quality or standards of care, making it a cost-effective destination for medical procedures.
India's cardiac care is renowned for its high success rates, advanced technological interventions, and experienced cardiac surgeons. Institutions like Fortis Escorts Heart Institute and Apollo Hospitals are globally recognized for their cardiac expertise.
Yes, India's orthopedic hospitals, like Apollo Hospitals and MIOT International, employ advanced techniques and technologies, ensuring surgeries that meet and often exceed international standards.
India boasts some of the highest success rates globally for organ transplants, especially liver transplants, with institutions like Medanta and Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital leading the way.
India offers a comprehensive range of oncology treatments, from radiation therapy to surgical oncology, with institutions like Tata Memorial Hospital providing research-driven, cutting-edge cancer care.
India offers a blend of highly skilled surgeons, state-of-the-art facilities, and competitive pricing for cosmetic and plastic surgeries, making it a sought-after destination for aesthetic transformations.
India's ophthalmological centers, like Sankara Nethralaya, are equipped with the latest eye surgery technologies and have a global reputation for excellence in eye care.
India offers comprehensive care for various conditions related to the digestive system, liver, and pancreas, with leading institutions like the Asian Institute of Gastroenterology providing advanced treatments.
India, being the birthplace of Ayurveda, offers authentic and holistic Ayurvedic treatments that focus on the balance of body, mind, and soul, attracting wellness seekers from around the world.
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