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Things to know about Fontan surgery

19 Oct, 2022

Blog author iconHealthtrip Team
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A lot of children or infants are born with congenital heart defects that require immediate medical attention and open heart surgery which is known as the Fontan surgical procedure. This type of open heart surgery is required to ensure proper blood circulation in the body. Also, the main purpose of the procedure is to maintain blood circulation, and acquire enough oxygen in order to supply various organs, muscles, and tissues. There are certain congenital heart conditions that require the Fontan procedure such as tricuspid atresia, double outlet right ventricle, and hypoplastic left heart syndrome.

Fontan procedure complications

The Fontan procedure is done in order to improve blood circulation in the body but there might be some complications during the procedure. Some of the complications that occur during or after the procedure may include the following:

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  • Blood clot
  • Kidney disease
  • Atrial arrhythmia
  • Chronic liver disease
  • Intestinal disease
  • Protein-losing enteropathy
  • Risk of heart attack
  • Risk of heart failure

Fontan surgery procedure

Generally, during the Fontan procedure, the cardiac surgeon first detaches the inferior vena cava which is the main vein that brings deoxygenated blood from the body to the heart that further goes to the right atrium.

After that, the vein is attached to the pulmonary artery that carries blood from the heart to the lungs where oxygenation of the blood takes place. Then a synthetic tube or intra-atrial baffle is used in order to make a connection so that the blood can normally enter the heart through the Vena cava to the lungs.

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Now, the surgeon creates a small opening between the right atrium and the baffle so that some of the blood can return to the heart to avoid overloading in the lungs. The hole is later on closed after the lungs get used to the increased amount of blood flow.

Fontan surgery survival rate

Though Fontan surgery is a complicated procedure still it is one of the most effective solutions for treating congenital heart defects such as tricuspid atresia, double outlet right ventricle, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, etc. According to various research and data, it is seen that the success rate of Fontan surgery ranges from 80 to 90%, and individuals going through the surgery are able to live longer.

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If you are looking for Fontan surgical treatment in India then be assured as our team will assist you and guide you through the entire process of your medical treatment.

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