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Comprehensive Guide to Mouth Cancer Treatment in India

09 Dec, 2023

Blog author iconHealthtrip Team

In today's world, health concerns are a constant presence in our lives. One such issue that demands our attention is mouth cancer, a condition that affects millions of people worldwide.The insidious nature of mouth cancer lies in its ability to manifest quietly, often disguising its presence until it reaches advanced stages. By the time symptoms become noticeable, the disease may have already gained a foothold, making treatment more challenging and outcomes less certain. In this comprehensive guide, we aim to shed light on mouth cancer, from its early warning signs to mouth cancer treatment in india. By understanding this condition and taking proactive steps, you can arm yourself with the knowledge needed to detect mouth cancer in its early stages, potentially saving lives and improving overall health outcomes.

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Symptoms of Mouth Cancer:

  • Persistent mouth ulcers
  • Red or white patches in the mouth
  • Unexplained pain or discomfort in the mouth
  • Difficulty in swallowing or chewing
  • Sore throat that doesn't heal
  • Numbness in the mouth or lips
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • A lump or thickening in the mouth or neck
  • Change in voice or hoarseness
  • Loose teeth without any apparent cause
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Jaw pain or stiffness
  • Bleeding in the mouth without injury
  • Pain in the ear


a. Oral Examination:

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Routine oral examinations conducted by experienced dentists or oral healthcare professionals are instrumental in the early detection of mouth cancer. During these examinations, healthcare providers meticulously scrutinize the oral cavity, looking for subtle indicators such as white or red patches, ulcers, or atypical lumps. Early detection through regular oral check-ups significantly enhances the chances of successful treatment and improved patient outcomes.

b. Biopsy:

In instances where suspicious lesions or abnormalities are identified during the oral examination, a biopsy becomes imperative. A biopsy procedure involves the careful extraction of tissue samples from the affected area. These collected tissue samples are then subjected to laboratory analysis to definitively ascertain the presence of cancerous cells. Additionally, the biopsy aids in determining the stage and extent of the cancer, which is crucial for developing an effective treatment plan tailored to the patient's specific condition.

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Treatment Options:

Oral cancer treatment in India follows a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach, tailored to the specific circumstances of each patient:

1. Surgery:

Surgical intervention is a common approach for the treatment of localized oral cancer. It involves the removal of the tumor and, if necessary, nearby lymph nodes and tissues. Surgery is often the initial step because it can effectively remove the cancerous growth, providing a definitive diagnosis and staging. It is especially useful for early-stage tumors.

Surgical intervention for oral cancer typically follows these steps:

a. Pre-operative Evaluation: Before surgery, the medical team conducts a thorough assessment of the patient's overall health, including blood tests, imaging scans, and biopsies to determine the extent of the cancer.

b. Anesthesia: The patient is put under general anesthesia to ensure they are unconscious and pain-free during the procedure.

c. Tumor Excision: The surgeon removes the cancerous tumor, ensuring that they also remove a margin of healthy tissue surrounding it to minimize the risk of leaving any cancer cells behind.

d. Lymph Node Dissection: If cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes, they may be removed or sampled during the procedure.

e. Reconstruction: In cases where significant tissue removal is necessary, reconstructive surgery may follow to restore appearance and function. This may involve grafts or flaps from other parts of the body.

f. Wound Closure: The surgeon closes the incisions with sutures or staples, and dressings are applied.

g. Post-operative Care: After surgery, the patient is monitored closely in the recovery room and may stay in the hospital for several days or as needed for healing.

2. Radiation Therapy:

Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to target and destroy cancer cells. It can be used alone or in combination with surgery and chemotherapy. Radiation therapy is employed to kill cancer cells that may remain after surgery, shrink tumors before surgery, or treat inoperable cases where surgery is not an option.

Radiation therapy involves several steps:

a. Simulation: The patient undergoes a planning session where the radiation oncology team determines the precise treatment area. This may include using imaging and molds to ensure accurate positioning.

b. Treatment Planning: Using computer software, the medical team calculates the optimal radiation dose and angles to target the tumor while sparing healthy tissue.

c. Daily Treatment: The patient receives daily radiation therapy sessions over several weeks. Each session is painless and lasts only a few minutes.

d. Monitoring: Throughout the treatment course, the patient's progress is closely monitored for any side effects, and adjustments to the treatment plan may be made if necessary.

e. Follow-up: After radiation therapy, the patient undergoes regular follow-up appointments to assess the treatment's effectiveness and monitor for any long-term side effects.

3. Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy involves the use of powerful drugs to kill or slow the growth of cancer cells. It can be given intravenously or orally. Chemotherapy is often recommended for advanced stages of oral cancer or when cancer has spread to other parts of the body. It can be used in conjunction with radiation therapy to enhance treatment outcomes.

Chemotherapy involves the following steps:

a. Drug Administration: Chemotherapy drugs are administered intravenously or orally, depending on the specific drugs and treatment plan.

b. Treatment Cycles: Chemotherapy is usually given in cycles, with a period of treatment followed by a rest period to allow the body to recover.

c. Side Effect Management: Patients may experience side effects such as nausea, fatigue, and lowered blood cell counts. Medications and supportive care are provided to manage these side effects.

d. Monitoring: The patient's response to chemotherapy is regularly assessed through blood tests and imaging to determine the treatment's effectiveness.

4. Targeted Therapy:

Targeted therapy drugs are designed to specifically target cancer cells, sparing healthy tissues from damage. Targeted therapy may be considered when standard treatments like surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy are ineffective or have significant side effects.

Targeted therapy involves the following steps:

a. Molecular Testing: Before treatment, the patient's tumor is analyzed to identify specific genetic or molecular markers that can be targeted by the therapy.

b. Drug Administration: Targeted therapy drugs, typically in the form of oral medications, are prescribed based on the identified molecular targets.

c. Regular Monitoring: Patients are monitored for response to treatment, and adjustments may be made if needed.

5. Immunotherapy:

Immunotherapy aims to enhance the body's immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells. Immunotherapy is a relatively new treatment avenue that shows promise in select cases, especially when other treatments have failed.

Immunotherapy procedures include:

a. Immunotherapy Drug Administration: Immunotherapy drugs, such as checkpoint inhibitors, are administered intravenously.

b. Enhanced Immune Response: These drugs work by blocking certain mechanisms that inhibit the immune system's ability to recognize and attack cancer cells.

c. Monitoring: Patients are closely monitored for any signs of response to immunotherapy and potential side effects, which can vary but are often less severe than traditional chemotherapy.

Facilities and Experts:

India boasts a vast network of hospitals and healthcare centers that offer state-of-the-art facilities and world-class expertise in the field of oncology. Some renowned cancer treatment centers in India include:

Top Hospitals for Mouth Cancer Treatment in India:

1. Apollo Hospitals, Greams Road, Chennai

Hospital Banner

  • Location: 21 Greams Lane, Off, Greams Road, Thousand Lights, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600006, India
  • Established Year - 1983

Hospital Overview:

  • Apollo Hospitals, established in 1983 by Dr. Prathap C Reddy, is credited with pioneering the private healthcare revolution in India.
  • Integrated Healthcare Services: The hospital is Asia's leading integrated healthcare services provider with a presence across the healthcare ecosystem, including Hospitals, Pharmacies, Primary Care & Diagnostic Clinics.
  • Telemedicine and More: The Apollo Group operates Telemedicine units in 10 countries, offers Health Insurance Services, provides Global Projects Consultancy, runs Medical Colleges and Med-varsity for E-Learning, and operates Colleges of Nursing and Hospital Management.
  • Cardiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery: Apollo Hospitals has around 14 world-class institutes, over 400 cardiologists & cardiac surgeons, and 200 heart stations.
  • Robotic Spinal Surgery: The hospital is among the few centers in Asia to perform Robotic Spinal Surgery.
  • Cancer Care: A 300-bedded, NABH accredited hospital with advanced technology for diagnosis and radiation, renowned specialists, and a skilled team of medical and paramedical professionals.
  • Endoscopic Procedures: Offering the latest Endoscopic procedures for Gastrointestinal conditions.
  • Transplant Institutes: The Apollo Transplant Institutes (ATI) are one of the largest and comprehensive solid transplant programs globally.
  • Advanced Technology: The hospital features a 320 slice CT scanner, a state-of-the-art Liver Intensive Care Unit & Operation Theatre, and various surgical tools for safe & bloodless liver surgery.
  • Corporate Health Care: Apollo Hospitals is a key player in the corporate healthcare sector. Over 500 leading corporates, across all industries, have partnered with Apollo Hospitals.
  • Accessible Healthcare: The corporate services initiative aims to provide world-standard healthcare accessible to every individual with over 64 locations in India.

2. Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram

Hospital Banner

  • Location: Sector - 44, Opposite HUDA City Centre Gurgaon, Haryana - 122002, India
  • Established Year:2001

Hospital Overview:

  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI), Gurgaon, is a multi-super specialty, quaternary care hospital set on a spacious 11-acre campus with 1000 beds.
  • The hospital is known for its advanced infrastructure and cutting-edge technology.
  • It has a strong international faculty, reputed clinicians, including super-sub-specialists, and specialty nurses.
  • FMRI is committed to meeting rigorous international standards in terms of quality and safety of care.
  • The hospital focuses on key specialties such as Neurosciences, Oncology, Renal Sciences, Orthopedics, Cardiac Sciences, Obstetrics And Gynecology, and more.
  • FMRI is a flagship hospital of Fortis Healthcare, one of the top healthcare providers in the country.

c. Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon

Hospital Banner

  • Location: Sector 51, Gurugram, Haryana 122001, India.
  • Established Year: 2007

Hospital Overview :

  • Artemis Hospital, established in 2007, is a state-of-the-art multi-specialty hospital located in Gurgaon, India, spread across 9 acres.
  • It is a 400 plus bed hospital and is the first JCI (Joint Commission International) and NABH (National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers) accredited hospital in Gurgaon.
  • Designed to be one of the most advanced hospitals in India, Artemis offers a wide range of advanced medical and surgical interventions along with a comprehensive mix of inpatient and outpatient services.
  • The hospital employs modern technology and follows research-oriented medical practices and procedures benchmarked against global standards.
  • Artemis Hospital is known for its top-notch services, warm and patient-centric environment, and affordability.
  • In 2011, it received the 'Asia Pacific Hand Hygiene Excellence Award' from WHO (World Health Organization).
  • The hospital excels in various medical specialties including cardiology, CTVS (Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery) Surgery, neurology, neurosurgery, Neuro interventional, oncology, Surgical Oncology, orthopedics, Spine Surgery, Organ Transplants, General Surgery, emergency care, Women & child care, and more.

Explore top oncologists for Mouth Cancer Treatment in India

Cost of Mouth Cancer Treatment in India

The overall cost of mouth cancer treatment in India, which ranges from approximately USD 800 to USD 6,655, includes various treatment options depending on the stage and type of cancer. An inherent advantage of seeking oral cancer treatment in India is the considerably lower cost compared to many Western nations.

Oral cancer is a formidable medical condition, but with timely diagnosis and suitable treatment, patient prognosis can be significantly improved. India stands as a beacon for oral cancer treatment, boasting world-class facilities, seasoned healthcare professionals, and cost-effective treatment options. If you or a loved one confronts this diagnosis, exploring the available options in India offers the prospect of receiving comprehensive and professional care, facilitating your journey toward recovery.

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Early symptoms of mouth cancer may include persistent mouth ulcers, red or white patches in the mouth, unexplained pain or discomfort, and difficulty in swallowing or chewing. It's crucial to seek medical attention if you experience any of these signs.