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Understanding the LASIK Eye Surgery Procedure in India

11 Apr, 2023

Blog author iconDr. Divya Nagpal
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LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) is a type of refractive surgery that can improve vision by reshaping the cornea with a laser. It is a safe and effective procedure that has helped millions of people around the world to get better eyesight.There are many people in India who offer this procedure to patients who want to correct their vision problems. We have a first-class LASIK Eye Surgery Center. In this article, we will detail the LASIK eye surgery procedure in India so that you can understand what to expect if you decide to undergo this procedure.

Step 1: Preoperative evaluation

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Before having LASIK surgery, you should undergo a pre-operative evaluation to determine if you are suitable for surgery. This evaluation usually includes a comprehensive eye exam, including vision, refraction, and corneal thickness measurements. Your surgeon will also assess your general health and medical history to make sure you are a good candidate for surgery.

Step 2: Anesthesia

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Once you are considered a suitable candidate for LASIK surgery, the next step is to prepare for surgery. Anesthesia is applied to numb the surface of the eye with eye drops, so there is no pain during the operation. A sedative may also be used during the procedure to help you relax.

Step 3: Corneal flap creation

LASIK surgery begins with the creation of a corneal flap. The surgeon uses a microkeratome blade or a femtosecond laser to create a thin circular flap in the cornea. This flap is lifted and folded back to reveal the underlying cornea.

Step 4: Corneal remodeling

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Once the corneal flap is created, the surgeon uses excimer laser to reshape the cornea. The laser removes a small amount of corneal tissue to change the curvature of the cornea and correct vision. The laser is controlled by a computer to ensure laser pulses are accurate and precise.

Step 5: Corneal flap replacement

After shaping the cornea, the surgeon gently puts the corneal flap back into place. The flap is attached to the underlying cornea without stitches or sutures. The surgeon then flattens the flap to ensure it stays in place.

Step 6: Postoperative care

Once your LASIK surgery is complete, you will be taken to a recovery area where you will be monitored for a short time. You will not be able to drive a car immediately after the treatment, so you will need to be picked up from your home. You will be given eye drops for several days after surgery to heal and prevent infection. You should also follow postoperative instructions, such as avoiding eye rubbing and swimming or other activities that may irritate your eyes.

Advances in technology have made LASIK surgery safer and more effective than ever before. In India, many leading LASIK Eye Surgery Centers perform this surgery using the latest technology and equipment. Some of the most popular types of LASIK surgery are:

1. Bladeless LASIK:

This type of LASIK surgery uses a femtosecond laser instead of a microkeratome blade to create a corneal flap. This method is more accurate and reduces the risk of complications during surgery.

2. Custom LASIK:

Custom LASIK uses wave front technology to create a detailed map of the eye, allowing the surgeon to tailor the procedure to each patient's unique visual needs.

3. Epi-LASIK:

Epi-LASIK is a type of surface ablation that does not require the formation of a corneal flap. Instead, the surgeon removes a thin layer of outermost corneal cells before reshaping the cornea with his excimer laser.

4. Bladeless Intralase LASIK:

Bladeless Intralase LASIK is similar to Bladeless LASIK, but instead of using a femtosecond laser to create the flap, it uses an Intralase laser. This method is more accurate and reduces the risk of complications.

5. Smile LASIK:

Smile LASIK is a minimally invasive surgery that uses a femtosecond laser to make small, precise incisions in the cornea. The surgeon then removes a small piece of the cornea, reshapes it with his excimer laser, and places it back into the eye. LASIK eye surgery is a relatively quick procedure, usually taking only about 15 minutes per eye. Recovery time is also relatively short, and most patients can return to normal activity within a few days after surgery. However, it is important to follow the surgeon's post-operative instructions to ensure a smooth and successful recovery.

In summary, LASIK eye surgery is a safe and effective method for correcting visual impairment in India. With our world-class LASIK Eye Surgery Center using the latest technology and equipment, you can rest assured that you are receiving the best care possible. You can do this if you understand the LASIK eye surgery procedure and the different types of LASIK available. Make an informed decision as to whether this procedure is right for you. If you are considering LASIK eye surgery, please consult a qualified ophthalmologist to determine if you are suitable for surgery.

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FAQs

LASIK (Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis) is a surgical procedure that uses a laser to reshape the cornea of the eye, correcting vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.