The Different Types of Knee Replacement Surgery in India
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Total knee replacement surgery, also known as TKR, is the most common type of knee replacement surgery. It involves the replacement of the entire knee joint, including the knee cap, with artificial implants. This surgery is recommended for patients suffering from severe osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or traumatic injury. TKR is a major surgical procedure that requires hospitalization for a few days and a significant amount of rehabilitation post-surgery.
2. Partial Knee Replacement Surgery:
Partial knee replacement surgery, also known as unicompartmental knee replacement surgery, is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that involves the replacement of only one compartment of the knee joint with artificial implants. This procedure is recommended for patients who have damage in only one area of the knee joint. Partial knee replacement surgery requires a shorter hospital stay and rehabilitation period than TKR, making it an attractive option for patients who want a faster recovery.
3. Revision Knee Replacement Surgery:
Revision knee replacement surgery is a procedure that is performed when a previous knee replacement surgery has failed or has become loose or infected. This procedure involves the removal of the old implants and the replacement with new ones. Revision knee replacement surgery is a complex procedure that requires specialised training and experience, and it is typically performed by orthopaedic surgeons who specialise in revision surgeries.
4. Bilateral Knee Replacement Surgery:
Bilateral knee replacement surgery is a procedure that involves the replacement of both knees at the same time. This procedure is recommended for patients who suffer from severe arthritis or damage in both knees, and it is performed to reduce the need for two separate surgeries. Bilateral knee replacement surgery requires a longer hospital stay and rehabilitation period than unilateral knee replacement surgery.
5. Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement Surgery:
Minimally invasive knee replacement surgery is a surgical procedure that uses smaller incisions and specialised instruments to perform the surgery. This type of surgery is less invasive than traditional knee replacement surgery and results in less tissue damage, less scarring, and a faster recovery time. However, not all patients are eligible for minimally invasive knee replacement surgery, and the decision to perform this type of surgery is made by the surgeon based on the patient's individual needs and medical history.
6. Computer-Assisted Knee Replacement Surgery:
Computer-assisted knee replacement surgery is a procedure that uses computer technology to assist the surgeon in the placement of the implants. This type of surgery provides the surgeon with a 3D image of the knee joint, which helps to guide the placement of the implants. Computer-assisted knee replacement surgery results in more accurate placement of the implants, which can improve the longevity of the implants and reduce the risk of complications.
Most prestigious hospitals
Some of the leading hospitals in India that offer knee replacement surgery include Apollo Hospitals, Fortis Hospitals, Max Healthcare, and Medanta Hospital. These hospitals have state-of-the-art facilities, advanced surgical equipment, and experienced orthopaedic surgeons who specialise in knee replacement surgery.
The cost of knee replacement surgery in India is significantly lower than in other countries, making it an attractive option for international patients. The cost of knee replacement surgery in India can range from USD 4000 to USD 7000 depending on the type of surgery, hospital, and surgeon.
In conclusion, knee replacement surgery is a common surgical procedure that is used to relieve pain and restore function in patients who suffer from knee joint damage. India offers a variety of knee replacement surgeries that cater to different patient needs. The type of knee replacement surgery recommended for a patient depends on the extent of the damage to the knee joint, the patient's medical history, and the surgeon's expertise. It is important for patients to discuss their options with their surgeon and to choose the type of knee replacement surgery that is best suited for their individual needs.