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The Risks and Complications of Knee Replacement Surgery in India

17 Apr, 2023

Blog author iconObaidullah Junaid
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The goal of knee replacement surgery, also known as knee Arthroplasty, is to restore function and alleviate pain in a damaged or diseased knee joint. An artificial implant is used to replace the diseased or damaged joint during the procedure. While knee substitution medical procedure is by and large viewed as a protected and successful therapy choice, it accompanies specific dangers and complexities. In this article, we will examine the dangers and confusions of knee substitution medical procedures in India.

1. Infection:

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One of the most serious aftereffects of knee replacement surgery is infection. The gamble of contamination is higher in patients who are overweight, have diabetes, or have a debilitated safe framework. Taking antibiotics before and after surgery, practicing good hygiene, and avoiding contact with sick people can all reduce the risk of infection.

2. Clotted blood:

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Another common complication of knee replacement surgery is blood clots. The gamble of blood clusters is higher in patients who are overweight, have a past filled with blood clumps, or have a family background of blood clusters. Wearing compression stockings, moving around as soon as possible after surgery, and taking blood thinners can all help prevent blood clots.

3. Failing an Implant:

A serious but uncommon side effect of knee replacement surgery is implant failure. Wear and tear, infection, or an issue with the implant itself are all potential causes of implant failure. In the event of implant failure, replacement surgery may be required.

4. Nerve harm:

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A serious but uncommon side effect of knee replacement surgery is nerve damage. Damage to the nerves can result from the surgical procedure itself or from nerve pressure during recovery. Numbness, tingling, or weakness in the affected area are all signs of nerve damage.

5. Fractures:

A serious but uncommon side effect of knee replacement surgery is fractures. During the recovery period or during the surgical procedure, fractures can occur. Repairing a fracture may necessitate additional surgery.

6. Stiffness:

A common side effect of knee replacement surgery is stiffness. Solidness might be because of scar tissue development, or because of an absence of non-intrusive treatment after medical procedure. By adhering to the physical therapy plan that the surgeon has recommended, stiffness can be avoided.

7. Pain:

A common side effect of knee replacement surgery is pain. Inflammation, swelling, or nerve damage can cause pain. The surgeon may prescribe pain medications for pain management.

8. Reactions from Allergies:

Although rare, serious complications can result from allergic reactions to the materials used in knee replacement surgery. To remove the implant, allergic reactions may necessitate additional surgery.

9. Loss of blood:

A common side effect of knee replacement surgery is bleeding. The surgeon may have to cut through blood vessels during the procedure, which can result in bleeding. Blood misfortune can be overseen through blood bondings or drugs that advance blood thickening.

10. Reaction to Sedation:

During knee replacement surgery, the anesthetic may cause some patients to react. Complications from anesthesia include heart problems, breathing issues, and allergic reactions. Before having surgery, patients should tell their surgeon and anesthesiologist about any allergies or health issues they may have.

11. Dislocation:

When the artificial joint moves out of place, this is called dislocation. Dislocation is a rare complication of knee replacement surgery, but it can happen if the implant is not placed correctly or the ligaments are weak. By adhering to the physical therapy plan that the surgeon has recommended, patients can lower their risk of dislocation.

12. Relaxing of Embed:

The artificial joint may become slack over time due to infection or wear and tear. This may necessitate additional surgery to replace the implant and cause pain.

13. Delay in Treatment:

The surgical incision may not heal as quickly as expected in some instances. The likelihood of infection and other complications can rise with delayed healing. By adhering to the post-surgery care instructions provided by their surgeon, patients can lower their risk of delayed healing.

14. Lack of mobility:

Some people may have a smaller range of motion after knee replacement surgery. Scar tissue formation, nerve damage, or a lack of physical therapy could be the cause of this. By adhering to the physical therapy program that the surgeon has recommended, patients can lower their risk of having limited range of motion.

15. Injury to a blood vessel or nerve:

There is a possibility of nerve or blood vessel damage during knee replacement surgery. The affected area may experience weakness, numbness, or bleeding as a result. The injury may require additional surgery in some instances.

In conclusion, patients in India who have a diseased or damaged knee joint can have knee replacement surgery, which is relatively safe and effective. However, it is essential for patients to be aware of the procedure's risks and complications. Patients can reduce their risk of complications and achieve a successful outcome by adhering to the pre- and post-surgery care instructions provided by their surgeon.

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FAQs

The recovery time for knee replacement surgery in India can vary depending on the patient's overall health, age, and extent of the surgery. Generally, patients can expect to stay in the hospital for 2-3 days after the surgery, and it may take several weeks or months to fully recover and return to normal activities.