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Knee Replacement in India: A Comprehensive Guide

14 Jun, 2024

Blog author iconDr. Divya Nagpal

Are your knees causing more discomfort than joy lately? Are you facing the dilemma of needing surgery while concerned about costs and long waiting times? You're not alone in navigating these challenges. Many individuals are seeking solutions to regain mobility without financial strain. India emerges as a promising option. Have you ever wondered why it's increasingly favoured for knee replacements? Imagine renowned surgeons, state-of-the-art hospitals, and competitive pricing. It sounds like an ideal solution, doesn't it? But here's the reality: it's not just a dream. India offers accessible excellence in healthcare. Are you ready to explore how India could provide the path to recovery? Let's delve into why more individuals are choosing India for their journey toward renewed mobility.

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Procedure of Knee Replacement

Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty, is a procedure designed to relieve pain and restore function in severely diseased or damaged knee joints. Here's a simplified overview of the procedure:

1. Preparation: Before your surgery, you'll undergo various tests to ensure you're ready. These tests include checking your overall health and examining your knee joint with scans and exams. Your doctor will discuss anesthesia options to keep you comfortable during the procedure.

2. Procedure: Once you're under anesthesia, the surgeon will make a cut over your knee. This incision allows them to access the knee joint. Depending on the approach used, the incision may be larger or smaller.

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3. Surgical Steps: Inside your knee, the surgeon will carefully remove damaged parts of the thigh bone and shin bone. They reshape these bones to prepare them for the new artificial parts.

4. Implantation: The surgeon will then insert the artificial components, which are made from strong materials like metal and plastic. These components replace the damaged parts of your knee, such as the end of the thigh bone, the top of the shin bone, and sometimes the kneecap.

5. Testing and Adjustment: After placing the new parts, the surgeon will test how well your knee moves. They'll make sure everything fits properly and functions smoothly. Any necessary adjustments to improve stability and natural movement will be made at this stage.

6. Closure: Once satisfied with the placement and function of the artificial components, the surgeon will close the incision with stitches or staples. A bandage will be applied to protect the wound as it heals.

7. Recovery: After surgery, you'll spend time in a recovery area before moving to a hospital room. Pain management will be provided, and physical therapy will begin soon after to help you regain strength and flexibility in your knee.

8. Postoperative Care: During recovery, physical therapy will be crucial to your progress. You'll learn exercises to strengthen your knee and improve its range of motion. Your medical team will monitor you for signs of infection and ensure your pain is managed effectively.

9. Follow-up: Regular follow-up appointments with your doctor will be scheduled to monitor your knee's healing progress. X-rays may be taken to check the position and function of the artificial components. Your doctor will provide guidance on activities to avoid and how to care for your knee to promote long-term health and mobility.

Knee replacement surgery is a significant procedure that aims to relieve pain and restore function in severely damaged knee joints. Following your medical team's guidance and actively participating in your recovery will support your journey toward improved mobility and quality of life.

Top Hospitals for Knee Replacement in India

1. Apollo Hospitals, Chennai

Apollo Hospitals on Greams Road in Chennai was established in 1983 by Dr. Prathap C Reddy. It was India's first corporate hospital and is acclaimed for pioneering the private healthcare revolution in the country. Over the years, Apollo Hospitals has risen to a position of leadership, emerging as Asia's foremost integrated healthcare services provider.


  • Address: 21 Greams Lane, Off Greams Road, Thousand Lights, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600006, India
  • City: Chennai
  • Country: India

Hospital Features

  • Established Year: 1983
  • Treatment Availability: International
  • Hospital Category: Medical
  • Status: Active
  • Visibility on Website: Yes

About Apollo Hospitals

Apollo Hospitals has a robust presence across the healthcare ecosystem, including hospitals, pharmacies, primary care, and diagnostic clinics. The Group also has telemedicine units across 10 countries, health insurance services, global projects consultancy, medical colleges, Med-varsity for e-learning, colleges of nursing, and hospital management.

Team and Specialties

  • Cardiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery: Apollo Hospitals hosts one of the largest cardiovascular groups globally, with around 14 world-class institutes, over 400 cardiologists & cardiac surgeons, and 200 heart stations.
  • Robotic Spinal Surgery: Among the few centres in Asia to perform this advanced procedure, Apollo is at the forefront of spinal disorder management.
  • Cancer Care: A 300-bedded, NABH-accredited hospital providing advanced technology in diagnosis and radiation, supported by an oncology team of renowned specialists and well-trained medical and paramedical professionals.
  • Gastroenterology: Offers the latest endoscopic procedures for gastrointestinal bleeding, cancers, foreign body removal, etc.
  • Transplant Institutes: The Apollo Transplant Institutes (ATI) is one of the largest, most comprehensive, and busiest solid transplant programs globally.
  • Liver Surgery: Equipped with a 320-slice CT scanner, a state-of-the-art Liver Intensive Care Unit & Operation Theatre, and various surgical tools to enable safe & bloodless liver surgery.
  • Neurosurgery: Recognized as a leader in acute neurosurgery, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, is among the top hospitals specializing in neuro care worldwide.


With the experience of over one million health checks, Apollo Hospitals has emerged as a key player in the corporate healthcare sector. Over 500 leading corporates, across all industry segments, have tied up with Apollo Hospitals, providing their employees ready access to sophisticated medical facilities at over 64 locations in India. The corporate services initiative of Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, aims to provide world-standard healthcare within the reach of every individual.

2. Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI), Gurugram

Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI) in Gurgaon is a premier multi-super specialty, quaternary care hospital. Known for its international faculty and reputed clinicians, including super-sub-specialists and speciality nurses, FMRI is supported by cutting-edge technology. The hospital aims to be the 'Mecca of Healthcare' for the Asia Pacific region and beyond.


  • Address: Sector - 44, Opposite HUDA City Centre, Gurgaon, Haryana - 122002, India
  • City: Gurgaon
  • Country: India

Hospital Features

  • Established Year: 2001
  • Number of Beds: 1000
  • Number of ICU Beds: 81
  • Operation Theaters: 15
  • Hospital Category: Medical


FMRI excels in several medical specialities, including:

  • Neurosciences
  • Oncology
  • Renal Sciences
  • Orthopedics
  • Cardiac Sciences
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

These specialities leverage advanced technology and top clinicians to deliver exceptional healthcare services.

Team and Expertise

  • International Recognition: FMRI has been ranked No.2 of the 30 most technologically advanced hospitals in the world by ‘,’ surpassing many other outstanding medical institutions globally.
  • Patient Care: Fortis hospitals treat over 3.5 lakh patients annually, relying on reputed clinicians, state-of-the-art infrastructure, and world-class technology such as the Da Vinci robot, ensuring patients go home healthy.
  • Innovative Initiatives: FMRI's initiatives range from customized preventive health checks to quaternary care provided by super-specialized clinicians conducting rare and complex surgeries.

About Fortis Healthcare

FMRI is a flagship hospital of Fortis Healthcare, one of the top healthcare providers in India. Fortis Healthcare is known for its commitment to quality healthcare and patient safety, making FMRI one of the most sought-after medical destinations in the region.

Top Knee Replacement Surgeons in India

1.Dr. Ashok Rajgopal

2. Dr. IPS Oberoi

3.Dr. Sanjay Pai

Cost of Knee Replacement in India

The cost of knee replacement surgery in India can vary depending on several factors, but here's a general idea:

  • Average range: ₹1.5 lakh to ₹6 lakh (around $1,800 to $7,200)
  • Minimum cost: ₹50,000 (around $600)

Factors affecting the cost:

  • Type of surgery: Total knee replacement is generally more expensive than partial knee replacement.
  • Hospital and city: Tier-1 cities and private hospitals tend to be more expensive.
  • Surgeon's experience: More experienced surgeons may charge higher fees.
  • Implant type: Advanced or newer implant materials can cost more.
  • Post-operative care: Physiotherapy and other rehabilitation services can add to the cost.

Success Rates and Risks

Knee replacement surgery consistently achieves high success rates in alleviating pain and restoring joint function for patients suffering from severe arthritis or joint damage. Generally, success rates exceed 90% in terms of pain relief and functional improvement. Key factors influencing success include the patient's overall health, adherence to post-operative care, and the proficiency of the surgical team.

While knee replacement surgery is generally safe, it carries certain risks, including:

  • Infection: Though rare, infection around the knee joint or in the bloodstream can occur. Precautionary antibiotics are administered before and after surgery to mitigate this risk.
  • Blood Clots: Reduced mobility after surgery increases the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE). Blood-thinning medications and early mobilization are employed to minimize these risks.
  • Implant Issues: These can include loosening, wear, or instability of the artificial joint over time. Advances in implant materials and surgical techniques have significantly reduced these occurrences.
  • Stiffness or Limited Motion: Some patients may experience stiffness or a restricted range of motion in the replaced knee joint. Customized physical therapy programs and exercises prescribed by the surgeon are essential for optimizing joint movement.

How can HealthTrip assist with your treatment?

If you're seeking Knee Replacement in India, let HealthTrip be your compass. We support you throughout your medical journey with the following:

  • Access to top doctors in 38+ countries and the largest health travel platform.
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Post-Replacement Care and Recovery

1. Follow Medical Advice: It's crucial to stick to your doctor's instructions. Taking your medications as prescribed and following the care plan they've outlined will support your knee's healing process and prevent complications.

2. Monitor Your Wound: Keep an eye on the incision site on your knee. Watch for signs of infection such as redness, swelling, or unusual discharge. If you notice any of these, don't hesitate to contact your doctor immediately.

3. Physical Therapy: Attending your physical therapy sessions is essential. These sessions are designed to help rebuild strength in your knee and improve your mobility. The exercises your therapist guides you through are tailored to help you regain your abilities as quickly as possible.

4. Healthy Habits: Taking care of yourself is paramount right now. Ensure you're eating nutritious meals, staying hydrated by drinking enough water, and getting ample rest. A balanced diet and sufficient rest will aid in speeding up your knee's recovery and keeping your overall health in check.

5. Follow-Up Visits: Make it a priority to attend all your follow-up appointments with your doctor. These visits are crucial for your doctor to monitor your knee's progress and address any concerns or questions you may have about your recovery. They provide an opportunity to ensure everything is on track as expected.

6. Stay Positive: Healing after surgery takes time, so be patient with yourself. Acknowledge and celebrate the small victories you achieve each day. Maintaining a positive mindset will help you stay motivated throughout your recovery journey and get you back to feeling like yourself again soon.

These tips are aimed at helping individuals navigate their recovery journey after knee replacement surgery with practical advice and encouragement


To sum up, knee replacement surgery is a life-changing procedure for people with excruciating knee pain and restricted movement. India is a desirable alternative for people looking for top-notch care because of its well-known medical knowledge and reasonably priced healthcare. Through strict adherence to post-operative care instructions and timely follow-up sessions, patients can enhance their recuperation and resume an active, pain-free lifestyle.

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Knee replacement surgery costs in India typically range from ?1.5 lakh to ?6 lakh ($1,800 to $7,200), depending on factors like the type of surgery, hospital location, and surgeon's experience. This is significantly lower compared to costs in many Western countries, making India an attractive option for affordable healthcare.