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How to Prepare for Hip Replacement Surgery in India?

08 May, 2023

Blog author iconObaidullah Junaid
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Preparing for hip arthroplasty, a frequently performed orthopedic intervention to replace a deteriorated or diseased hip joint with an artificial prosthesis, can be a formidable undertaking. This procedure is generally indicated for patients who experience chronic discomfort, rigidity, and reduced range of motion due to debilitating conditions like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or avascular necrosis. Given its cost-effectiveness, superior healthcare, and adept medical experts, India has emerged as a favored destination for medical tourism, attracting countless individuals seeking hip arthroplasty. In this piece, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to prepare for hip arthroplasty in India.

Brief Overview of Hip Replacement Surgery

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Procedure

Hip replacement surgery is a medical procedure in which the damaged hip joint is replaced with an artificial one. It is a common procedure for people who suffer from chronic hip pain and stiffness caused by arthritis, hip fractures, or other degenerative joint diseases. The procedure helps to relieve pain, improve mobility, and enhance the quality of life for patients.

Importance of Proper Preparation for a Successful Surgery

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Proper preparation is crucial for a successful hip replacement surgery. It helps to reduce the risk of complications, speed up recovery, and improve the overall outcome of the surgery. Patients who prepare well for the surgery tend to have better results and experience less pain and discomfort during recovery.

Reasons for Hip Replacement Surgery

Hip replacement surgery is typically recommended for patients who have hip pain that limits their daily activities and is not relieved by medication or physical therapy. Some common conditions that may require hip replacement surgery include:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Avascular necrosis
  • Fractures
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Bursitis
  • Tendinitis

Types of Hip Replacement Surgery
There are three main types of hip replacement surgery:

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Total Hip Replacement
In a total hip replacement, the entire hip joint is replaced with a prosthetic implant. This is the most common type of hip replacement surgery.

Partial Hip Replacement
In a partial hip replacement, only the damaged part of the hip joint is replaced with a prosthetic implant. This is a less invasive procedure than a total hip replacement.

Hip Resurfacing
Hip resurfacing is a procedure in which the damaged surface of the hip joint is removed and replaced with a metal cap. This procedure is typically recommended for younger patients who have strong bone density and a healthy hip joint.

Preparing for Hip Replacement Surgery

Preparing for hip replacement surgery involves several steps to ensure that the procedure is safe and successful. These steps include:

Medical Evaluation

Before undergoing hip replacement surgery, your doctor will evaluate your overall health and medical history to ensure that you are a good candidate for the procedure. You may need to provide a detailed medical history and undergo additional tests, such as blood tests and imaging scans.

Pre-surgery Tests

You may also need to undergo additional tests before the surgery, such as an electrocardiogram (ECG) and a chest X-ray. These tests can help your doctor evaluate your heart and lung function before the surgery.

Blood tests:

Blood tests are conducted to check your blood type, levels of electrolytes, and liver and kidney function. Your doctor may also order a complete blood count (CBC) to check your white and red blood cell counts, as well as your platelet count. Blood tests can help identify any underlying health conditions that could increase the risk of complications during or after surgery.

X-rays and imaging studies

X-rays and other imaging studies, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans, are used to get a detailed look at your hip joint and surrounding structures. These tests can help identify the extent of joint damage and help your surgeon plan the appropriate surgical approach.

Cardiac and pulmonary evaluations
Patients with pre-existing heart or lung conditions may need to undergo additional testing to ensure that they are healthy enough to undergo surgery. This may include electrocardiogram (ECG) testing, echocardiography, or pulmonary function testing.

Medications

Your doctor may recommend that you stop taking certain medications before the surgery, such as blood thinners and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). You may also need to take antibiotics to prevent infection during and after the surgery.

Lifestyle Changes

Making certain lifestyle changes before the surgery can help improve your overall health and reduce the risk of complications. For example, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, and getting regular exercise

Pre-surgery Exercises

Your doctor may also recommend pre-surgery exercises to help improve your strength and flexibility. These exercises may include:

  • Range-of-motion exercises
  • Strengthening exercises
  • Balance and coordination exercises

Choosing a Hospital and Surgeon
Choosing the right hospital and surgeon is crucial for a successful hip replacement surgery. Here are some tips to help you choose:

Research Hospitals and Surgeons
Research hospitals and surgeons online to find ones with a good reputation and positive reviews. Look for hospitals that specialize in orthopedic surgery and have a high success rate for hip replacement surgery.

Check Accreditation and Credentials
Check that the hospital and surgeon are accredited by recognized organizations such as the Joint Commission International (JCI). Make sure the surgeon is board-certified in orthopedic surgery and has experience performing hip replacement surgery.


Consultation with Surgeon
Schedule a consultation with the surgeon to discuss your options and ask any questions you may have. Make sure you feel comfortable with the surgeon and that they take the time to listen to your concerns.


Post-surgery Care and Recovery

After the surgery, the patient will need to focus on their recovery and rehabilitation. This includes immediate post-surgery care in the hospital, as well as physical therapy and rehabilitation once they are discharged. Physical therapy can be done in an inpatient or outpatient setting, and can also involve home-based exercises. Patients should follow their surgeon's and physical therapist's instructions closely, maintain a healthy lifestyle, and stay patient and positive throughout the recovery process.

Here are some important steps to take

Hospital Stay

You will typically stay in the hospital for a few days after the surgery to ensure that you are stable and can manage pain. You will be given pain medication and antibiotics to prevent infection.

Rehabilitation
Rehabilitation is an essential part of the recovery process and will help you regain your strength and mobility. You may work with a physical therapist to develop a rehabilitation plan that includes exercises to improve range of motion and strength.


Physical Therapy
Physical therapy may also be necessary to help you regain your ability to walk and perform daily activities. Your physical therapist may recommend exercises to improve balance and coordination.


Home Care

After leaving the hospital, you will need to continue to take care of yourself and follow your rehabilitation plan at home. This may involve making certain modifications to your home, such as installing grab bars and using a shower chair.

Benefits of Hip Replacement Surgery in India

India is a popular destination for medical tourism, and there are several benefits to having hip replacement surgery in the country, including:

  • High quality of care
  • Skilled medical professionals
  • Lower costs compared to other countries
  • Availability of advanced technology and equipment
  • Access to complementary and alternative therapies

Risks and Complications
As with any surgery, there are risks and complications associated with hip replacement surgery. These may include:


  • Infection
  • Blood clots
  • Dislocation of the hip joint
  • Nerve damage
  • Prosthetic joint failure
  • Allergic reaction to anesthesia or prosthetic materials
Conclusion

Hip replacement surgery is a common and effective treatment for chronic hip pain and mobility issues. Preparing for the surgery involves several steps, including medical evaluation, pre-surgery tests, medications, lifestyle changes, and pre-surgery exercises. Choosing the right hospital and surgeon is crucial, and post-surgery care and rehabilitation are essential for a successful recovery. India is a popular destination for hip replacement surgery due to its affordability, high quality of care, and skilled medical professionals. As with any surgery, there are risks and complications associated with hip replacement surgery, but with proper preparation and care, the procedure can lead to improved mobility and quality of life.

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FAQs

Recovery time can vary, but most people are able to resume normal activities within six to twelve weeks after surgery.