By Ashutosh Blog Published on - 07 August - 2023

Hemorrhoids: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Hemorrhoids: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Welcome to our comprehensive blog on understanding hemorrhoids. This common health condition, characterized by swollen veins in the lower rectum and anus, affects a significant portion of adults at some point in their lives. Despite its prevalence, there's often a lack of clear, concise information available. This guide aims to fill that gap, providing you with valuable insights into the causes, symptoms, treatments, and prevention methods for hemorrhoids. Empower yourself with knowledge and take proactive steps towards effective management and prevention of this condition. Let's dive in and demystify hemorrhoids together.

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Definition-Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the lowest part of your rectum and anus. There are two types:
Internal (inside the rectum) and
External (under the skin around the anus)

  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Sitting for long periods of time on the toilet
  • Chronic diarrhea or constipation
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Low-fiber diet
  • Aging

  • Pain or discomfort around the anus
  • Itching or irritation in your anal region
  • Swelling around your anus
  • Bleeding during bowel movements
  • Physical examination: Checking for external hemorrhoids
  • Visual inspection: Checking for internal hemorrhoids that are too soft to be felt
  • Digital rectal exam: Doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum to check for any abnormalities
  • Anoscopy, proctoscopy, and sigmoidoscopy: Examining the lower portion of your colon and rectum

  • Home remedies: Over-the-counter creams, ointments, pads, or suppositories
  • Medical treatments: Rubber band ligation, Sclerotherapy, Infrared, laser, or bipolar coagulation
  • Surgical treatments: Hemorrhoidectomy (removal of excessive tissue that causes bleeding), Hemorrhoid stapling (blocks blood flow to hemorrhoidal tissue)
Time duration to Cure-Hemorrhoid symptoms often go away within a week with home treatments. If no relief is obtained in a week, or if severe pain or bleeding occurs, see a doctor.
  • Anemia: Chronic blood loss from hemorrhoids can cause anemia
  • Strangulated hemorrhoid: If the blood supply to an internal hemorrhoid is cut off, it can lead to extreme pain and potentially serious medical complications
  • Blood clots: Sometimes, blood may pool in an external hemorrhoid and form a clot, leading to severe pain, swelling, and inflammation
  • Eat high-fiber foods
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Consider fiber supplements
  • Don't strain
  • Go as soon as you feel the urge
  • Exercise
  • Avoid long periods of sitting
When to see a doctor-If you have persistent bleeding, severe pain, or if your hemorrhoids cause discomfort, you should see your doctor. Also, if home treatments have been ineffective, a medical consultation is necessary

Hemorrhoids, while common and often uncomfortable, are treatable and largely preventable. By understanding the causes and symptoms, individuals can take proactive steps towards prevention. Moreover, a range of treatments, from home remedies to surgical interventions, are available to manage this condition. However, persistent symptoms or severe pain should prompt a visit to a healthcare professional to ensure appropriate treatment and to rule out other potential health concerns. Knowledge is power, and understanding hemorrhoids is the first step towards effective management and prevention.


Hemorrhoids, also called piles, are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum, similar to varicose veins. They can develop inside the rectum (internal hemorrhoids) or under the skin around the anus (external hemorrhoids).
Many people get relief from hemorrhoids with home treatments and lifestyle changes. However, if hemorrhoids persist, it's recommended to see a doctor.
Hemorrhoids can develop from increased pressure in the lower rectum due to straining during bowel movements, sitting for long periods of time on the toilet, having chronic diarrhea or constipation, being obese, being pregnant, having anal intercourse, eating a low-fiber diet, or regular heavy lifting.
Effective options are available to treat hemorrhoids, including home treatments and lifestyle changes. In severe cases, medical intervention may be required.
Yes, one of the symptoms of hemorrhoids can be painless bleeding during bowel movements. You might notice small amounts of bright red blood on your toilet tissue or in the toilet.
Hemorrhoids can cause discomfort, especially if a hemorrhoid pushes through the anal opening, resulting in pain and irritation. A blood clot in an external hemorrhoid can also result in severe pain.
The information does not specify a particular type of doctor, but typically, proctologists or gastroenterologists treat hemorrhoids.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids depend on the type of hemorrhoid. They might include itching or irritation in your anal region, pain or discomfort, swelling around your anus, and bleeding.
To prevent hemorrhoids and reduce symptoms, follow these tips: eat high-fiber foods, drink plenty of fluids, consider fiber supplements, don't strain during bowel movements, go as soon as you feel the urge, stay active, and avoid long periods of sitting.
The information does not provide a specific duration for how long hemorrhoids last. It's recommended to see a doctor if you have hemorrhoids that don't improve after a week of home care.