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Getting To Know The Difference Between Various Types Of Fractures

18 Apr, 2022

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Overview

Fractures are common. An average person might have two in their lifetime. They occur when the physical force applied to the bone is greater than the bone's own strength. Your orthopedic may recommend an X-ray to diagnose the kind of fracture. However, sometimes an X-ray will not show any fracture. In such a scenario, an MRI, CT scan, or bone scan might be helpful. In this blog, we will discuss the various type of fractures including acute and non-acute fractures, treatment for the same, and many more.

What are the types of bone fractures?

The orthopedic doctor, categorize the type of fracture based on its features. This include-

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  • Closed fracture- this type of fracture occurs when an injury does not break the continuity of the skin. If the skin does open, this will be considered an open fracture or complicated fracture.
  • Complete fracture- the fracture line goes through the bone and breaks it into two.
  • Displaced fracture- a gap has been created at the fractured place.
  • Stress fracture-The bone develops a crack, which might be difficult to detect with imaging.
  • Partial fracture-when the break is incomplete and doesn’t go all through the bone thickness.

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Difference between acute and non-acute bone fracture?

Apart from the above-mentioned fractures, an immediate bone breakage may happen due to direct impact or traumatic injury. It’s often considered an emergency.

Other than acute fracture cases, various types of fractures that may not need immediate medical intervention, is known as non-acute fracture. These can be primarily managed by home care remedies but later needs to be treated with orthopedic intervention.

What are the treatment options available for bone fracture?

A fracture frequently necessitates emergency treatment at a hospital. A fracture of the tip of a toe is an example of a small fracture that may not necessitate immediate treatment. If you suspect that a bone in the back, neck, or hip has been broken, or if a bone is exposed, do not move the individual.

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In other circumstances, you may need to call for help or transport the victim to an emergency room.

  • Protect the damaged region before moving the person to avoid further injury.
  • To restrict movement of a fractured arm or leg bones, place a splint (made of wood, plastic, metal, or similar stiff material packed with gauze) against the area; loosely wrap the splint to the area using gauze.
  • If bleeding occurs, apply pressure to stop the bleeding before splinting, and then elevate the fracture.
  • Fractured bones must be placed and held in place in order to heal properly. The process of setting a bone to its original alignment is known as reduction.
  • Closed reduction refers to bone repositioning without surgery. For child patients, closed reduction is majorly used to treat fractures.
  • Serious fractures may require open reduction or surgical repositioning as a treatment option. Pins, plates, screws, and rods may be used to hold the fracture in place in such cases. To minimize infection, open fractures must also be carefully cleaned.

Also, Read - Whom To Consult For Sciatica-Neurosurgeon or Orthopedic Surgeon?

How do you prevent such bone fractures?

  • When riding in a motor vehicle, always use a seat belt.
  • When participating in recreational activities such as biking, snowboarding, or contact sports, always use the appropriate safety equipment (helmets and other protective pads).
  • Keep anything that could cause you to trip off the walkways and stairs.
  • You should exercise frequently if you have osteoporosis to improve your strength and balance. This may help you avoid falling.
  • Consult your doctor before beginning bone-building medicines and supplements (like calcium tablets and vitamin D). Don’t take these in excess amounts unnecessarily.
  • When using a ladder, avoid using the top step and make sure someone is holding the ladder.

Also, Read - Osteopathy vs Orthopaedics: Know The Difference

Why should you consider getting bone fracture treatment in India?

India is the most favored place for orthopedic treatment operations for three major reasons. And if you are searching for a bone fracture treatment hospital in India, we will help you to find the same.

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  • Bone fracture treatment costs in India are among the best in the world, as our patients need affordable and quality health care.

By simply packing their medical tour to India, bone fracture treatment can substantially benefit the patient with their orthopedic-related therapies. We also offer a comprehensive range of physiotherapy and surgical therapies to international patients during their post-discharge recuperation vacations.

How can we help in the treatment?

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FAQs

Fractures include closed (simple) fractures, open (compound) fractures, greenstick fractures, comminuted fractures, and stress fractures.