By Healthtrip Team Blog Published on - 14 October - 2022

Some common symptoms and causes of gallbladder disease

What is Gallbladder?

The gallbladder is basically a sack-like structure that plays an essential role in digestion. It is located under the liver and the primary function of the gallbladder is to store bile that helps in the digestion of fats that are produced by the liver. The gallbladder pours its content into the small intestine where it helps in the digestion of fat. Gallbladder disease is a collective term that is used for several types of conditions that usually affect the gallbladder in some or the other way.

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The different types of gallbladder disease

  • Sclerosing cholangitis
  • Tumors of the gallbladder
  • Tumor in the bile duct
  • Congenital defect of the bladder
  • Gangrene
  • Gallbladder cancer
  • Abscesses
  • Chronic acalculous gallbladder disease
  • Gallstones ( very common gallbladder disease)
  • Cholecystitis

Gallbladder disease symptoms

The symptoms of gallbladder disease vary from person to person and their condition. Different gallbladder disease has different symptoms but still, there are a few common symptoms that one might experience, some of which includes:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain in the right shoulder
  • Rapid and excruciating pain in the center if the abdomen or below the breastbone
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Indigestion
  • Yellowing of skin or jaundice
  • Abrupt blood pressure drop
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Loss of appetite
  • Greasy or light-colored stools
  • Heartburn
  • Gas

What causes gallbladder disease?

One cannot guess the exact cause of gallbladder disease but still, there are a few risk factors that make a person more vulnerable to gallstones and gallbladder disease.

  • High cholesterol-rich diet
  • People who are over the age of 60 year most susceptible to gallstones
  • Family history of gallbladder disease
  • Cirrhosis of the liver
  • Sickle Cell Disease
  • Crohn's disease
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Unhealthy diet

Gallbladder disease treatment

Different types of gallbladder disease have different courses of treatment. Each disease has its specific cause and the doctor first needs to diagnose the condition in order to provide the best course of treatment. The different courses of treatment could be:

Medications are provided for pain relief, managing the symptoms, reducing inflammation, healing the scars, breaking or dissolving the gallstones, etc

Antibiotics are given to treat the infection according to the medical requirement of the patient.

Surgery is one of the most common treatment methods that provide permanent, effective, and successful solutions for various gallbladder diseases such as cancer, tumor, gallstones, etc. With the advancement of laparoscopic surgeries, cholecystectomy has become a very easy and safe procedure to perform. With minimum scars and incisions, it provides faster recovery with minimum pain. Also, it reduces the risk of excessive bleeding and infection.

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Gallbladder disease refers to a range of conditions that affect the gallbladder, a small organ located beneath the liver. Common issues include gallstones, inflammation (cholecystitis), and gallbladder polyps.
Gallstones are solid particles that form in the gallbladder. They can cause blockages and lead to pain and other symptoms.
Symptoms may include upper abdominal pain, particularly after meals, nausea, vomiting, bloating, gas, and pain that radiates to the back or shoulder blades.
Gallstones can form when there's an imbalance in the substances that make up bile, such as cholesterol or bilirubin. These substances can crystallize and become stones.
People at higher risk include those who are overweight, over 40 years old, female, pregnant, have a family history of gallstones, or have a high-fat diet.
Consuming a diet high in saturated fats and cholesterol can increase the risk of gallstones forming due to increased cholesterol levels in the bile.
Yes, obesity can lead to gallbladder disease. It's associated with increased cholesterol secretion in bile and reduced gallbladder function.
Doctors may perform tests such as ultrasound, CT scans, or a HIDA scan to visualize the gallbladder and assess its function.
Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder, often caused by gallstones blocking the ducts. It can lead to severe pain, fever, and infection.
Non-surgical treatments include managing symptoms with changes in diet, avoiding fatty foods, and medications to dissolve certain types of gallstones.