By Healthtrip Team Blog Published on - 26 October - 2022

Different types of foot and ankle surgery

Overview of Foot and Ankle Surgery

Foot and ankle surgery is usually required when the non surgical treatment fails to give the desired results. Further, there are many conditions such as ankle fractures injuries, physical trauma, bone defects or disorders that may require foot and ankle surgery. The prime goal for such surgical procedure is to treat the foot and ankle condition in order to resume its function. Orthopedic surgeons usually perform a surgery either to align the broken bones, choose the painful joints, repair cartilage damage, repair the tone ligament, repair tendon, remove the overgrowth of the tissue, total ankle replacement surgery etc.

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Further, conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis which is a rare autoimmune disease that attacks the joint also may require hand and foot surgery.

Types of Foot and Ankle Surgery

Ankle surgery types:

1. Ankle fusion surgery:

In this type of surgery Orthopedic surgeons roughens the end of the damaged bone and then try to fasten them together with the help of screws and metal plates. The damaged bones then fuse together and function as a combined warm after the healing process is completed. Ankle fusion surgery also helps in cases such as rheumatoid arthritis as it helps in relieving pain. Also, this type of surgery is more durable and has a faster recovery process with fewer restrictions.

2. Total or partial ankle replacement surgery:

Ankle replacement surgery is a very common procedure that is used in conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, fracture, accident etc. In this the Orthopedic surgeon usually removes the ends of the damaged bones and replaces it with a prosthesis. The prosthesis is generally made up of plastic, fiber or a metal and works together and helps in improving the bone function.

What are different types of foot surgery?

Bunions foot surgery:

This type of foot surgery required in order to correct the toe which is deformed and bends inwards.

Hammertoe foot surgery:

In this type of surgery the toes are abnormally deformed that causes pain especially while walking. Such conditions require surgery in order to restore joint flexibility.

Plantar fasciitis foot surgery:

Plantar fasciitis are basically tissues that are present at the heel of the foot which become painful or inflamed in some conditions. In order to give relief from the pain and improve mobility Plantar fasciitis foot surgery is required.

Foot and ankle surgery recovery:

Most of the foot and ankle surgery require some time for full recovery. It is seen that it takes about 3 to 4 months in order to get relief from the pain. In this duration the patient gets relief from tenderness, swelling and other complications related to the surgery. Further, physical therapy may be required in order to improve mobility.

Foot and ankle surgery cost:

In order to get the best treatment for foot and ankle surgery one has to pay a decent amount as they are going for surgery. There are a lot of other added costs that are also included such as medications, x-ray fracture cast, physical therapy cost of surgery, the consultation fee, the type of hospital bed charges etc. The average cost for foot and surgery ranges from 1,20,00- 4,00,000 INR based on different hospitals, type of surgery and treatment.

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Foot and ankle surgery encompasses various procedures to treat conditions ranging from injuries to deformities. Common types include bunionectomy, ankle fusion, Achilles tendon repair, ankle arthroscopy, and plantar fascia release.
A bunionectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing a bunion, a bony bump that forms at the base of the big toe. The procedure aims to correct the deformity and relieve pain.
Ankle fusion, or arthrodesis, is performed when there is severe joint damage due to conditions like arthritis. The procedure involves fusing the bones in the ankle joint to reduce pain and improve stability.
Achilles tendon repair surgery is performed to repair a torn or ruptured Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. The procedure aims to restore function and strength.
Achilles tendon repair surgery is performed to repair a torn or ruptured Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. The procedure aims to restore function and strength.
Ankle arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that uses a small camera to visualize and treat various ankle conditions, such as cartilage damage or loose bone fragments.
Plantar fascia release surgery involves cutting the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue in the foot, to treat conditions like plantar fasciitis, which causes heel pain.
A metatarsal osteotomy is a procedure to correct deformities in the metatarsal bones, which can lead to conditions like bunions or hammertoes.
Ankle replacement surgery involves replacing a damaged ankle joint with an artificial joint, similar to hip or knee replacement, to improve joint function and reduce pain.
If you're experiencing persistent foot or ankle pain, deformities, or mobility issues, it's important to consult a qualified orthopedic surgeon. They can diagnose your condition, recommend appropriate treatments, and discuss the potential benefits and risks of surgery.