By Obaidullah Junaid Blog Published on - 20 April - 2023

How to Prepare for Cataract Surgery in India

Cataract surgery is a common surgical procedure that aims to remove a cloudy lens from the eye and replace it with an artificial one. In India, cataract surgery is widely available and is usually performed by ophthalmologists who are trained to perform this procedure. The procedure is generally safe and effective, and most patients are able to resume their normal activities within a few days after surgery. However, preparing for cataract surgery is important to ensure that the procedure is successful and that there are no complications during or after the surgery.

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Here are some things you need to know about preparing for cataract surgery in India:

  • Consult with your doctor

Before you undergo cataract surgery, it is important to consult with your doctor to determine if you are a good candidate for the procedure. Your doctor will perform a comprehensive eye exam and ask you about your medical history to determine if you have any conditions that may increase your risk of complications during or after surgery. If you have any health issues, such as diabetes, hypertension or heart disease, it is important to let your doctor know as it can affect the outcome of the surgery.

  • Get a complete eye exam

In addition to a comprehensive eye exam, your doctor may also order additional tests, such as an ultrasound or a biometry test, to measure the shape and size of your eye. This information is important for the selection of the correct power of the intraocular lens (IOL) that will replace your natural lens.

  • Stop taking certain medications

Your doctor may advise you to stop taking certain medications, such as blood thinners, anti-inflammatory drugs, or herbal supplements, for a period of time before the surgery. This is because these medications can increase the risk of bleeding or other complications during the procedure. It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions regarding medication.

  • Arrange for transportation

Cataract surgery is usually performed on an outpatient basis, which means you can go home the same day as the surgery. However, you will not be able to drive immediately after the surgery due to the use of anesthesia and other medications. It is important to arrange for transportation to and from the hospital on the day of the surgery.

  • Follow fasting instructions

Your doctor may advise you to fast for a certain period of time before the surgery. This is to ensure that your stomach is empty and reduce the risk of vomiting during the procedure. It is important to follow the fasting instructions provided by your doctor.

  • Wear comfortable clothing

On the day of the surgery, it is important to wear comfortable clothing that is easy to put on and take off. You will also need to wear a gown provided by the hospital during the procedure.

  • Bring your eye drops

Your doctor may prescribe eye drops before and after the surgery. It is important to bring them with you to the hospital on the day of the surgery.

  • Inform the hospital about any allergies or reactions

If you have any allergies or have had any adverse reactions to medications in the past, it is important to inform the hospital staff before the surgery. This will help them to take appropriate measures to ensure your safety during the procedure.

  • Understand the risks and benefits

Cataract surgery is a relatively safe and effective procedure, but like all surgeries, it carries some risks. It is important to discuss the risks and benefits of the procedure with your doctor to make an informed decision.

  • Follow post-operative instructions

After the surgery, your doctor will provide you with instructions on how to care for your eyes and what activities to avoid. It is important to follow these instructions carefully to ensure a speedy recovery and avoid any complications.


Cataract surgery is a safe and effective procedure that can restore your vision and improve your quality of life. However, preparing for the surgery is crucial to ensure a successful outcome. Consult with your doctor, get a complete eye exam, stop taking certain medications, arrange for transportation, follow fasting instructions, wear comfortable clothing, bring your eye drops, inform the hospital about any allergies or reactions, understand the risks and benefits, and follow post-operative instructions. By following these guidelines, you can ensure a smooth and successful cataract surgery experience in India.


Cataract surgery is a procedure in which the cloudy lens of the eye is removed and replaced with an artificial lens, known as an intraocular lens (IOL).
Cataract surgery is typically performed as an outpatient procedure under local anaesthesia. The surgeon makes a small incision in the eye and removes the cloudy lens. The IOL is then implanted in the eye, replacing the natural lens.
The procedure typically takes less than an hour to complete, but you may need to spend a few hours in the hospital for observation and recovery.
Cataract surgery is not painful, but you may feel some pressure or discomfort during the procedure. You will receive local anaesthesia to numb the eye and surrounding area.
After cataract surgery, you may experience some discomfort, sensitivity to light, and blurry vision. You will need to use eye drops and avoid certain activities for a period of time to ensure proper healing.